(EDGAR Online via COMTEX) -- Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following management's discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as of June 30, 2022 and our audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended September 30, 2021 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 28, 2021.
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements. When used in this report, the words "expects," "anticipates," "suggests," "believes," "intends," "estimates," "plans," "projects," "continue," "ongoing," "potential," "expect," "predict," "believe," "intend," "may," "will," "should," "could," "would" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements for many reasons, including the risks described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2021 and other reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, they relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made. We do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this report to conform these statements to actual results or to changes in our expectations, except as required by law.
The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, and for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, which we have prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate such estimates and judgments, including those described in greater detail below. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
We are a biopharmaceutical company focused on acquiring, developing and commercializing clinical-stage drugs for inflammatory and immune-related diseases with clear unmet medical needs. Our two lead product candidates, EB05 and EB01, are in later stage clinical studies.
EB05 is a monoclonal antibody therapy that we are developing as a treatment for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), a life-threatening form of respiratory failure. ARDS can be caused by viral diseases (including Covid-19), bacterial pneumonia, sepsis, chest injury and other causes. Specifically, EB05 inhibits toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a key immune signaling protein and an important mediator of inflammation that has been shown to be activated by SARS-COV2 as well as other respiratory infections such as influenza. In multiple third-party studies, high serum levels of alarmins (damage signaling molecules) that bind to and activate TLR4 are associated with poor outcomes and disease progression in Covid-19 patients. Since EB05 has demonstrated the ability to block signaling irrespective of the presence or concentration of the various molecules that frequently bind with TLR4, we believe that EB05 could ameliorate TLR4-mediated inflammation cascades in ARDS patients, thereby reducing lung injury, ventilation rates and mortality. In September 2021, an independent data and safety monitoring board pre-emptively unblinded the Phase 2 part of a Phase 2/3 study of EB05 in hospitalized Covid-19 patients and identified "a clinically important" mortality benefit. The monitoring board further recommended continuation of the study into a Phase 3 confirmatory trial, which is ongoing. The Phase 2 part of the study was funded primarily by a $11 million (C$14 million) reimbursement grant that was awarded by the Canadian government's Strategic Innovation Fund (SIF) following a multi-disciplinary technical review of our drug technology and plans.
In addition to EB05, we are developing an sPLA2 inhibitor, designated as EB01, as a topical treatment for chronic allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), a common, potentially debilitating condition and occupational illness. EB01 employs a novel, non-steroidal mechanism of action and in two clinical studies has demonstrated statistically significant improvement of multiple symptoms in ACD patients. EB01 is currently being evaluated in a Phase 2b clinical study.
In addition to our current clinical programs, we intend to expand the utility of our technologies and clinical-stage assets across other indications.
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EB01 Clinical Study
Based on current enrollment trends, we anticipate that we will complete enrollment of the 210 subjects planned for our Phase 2b clinical study in chronic ACD by the fourth calendar quarter of 2022, with preliminary topline data available as early as the first calendar quarter of 2023.
EB05 Clinical Study
During the quarter, we initiated enrollment for a second cohort of patients in the Phase 3 part of our Phase 2/3 study evaluating EB05 in hospitalized Covid-19 patients. The company's first study cohort is recruiting the most critically severe patients receiving mechanical ventilation plus additional organ support, including extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy, also known as Level 7 patients under the World Health Organization's (WHO) Covid-19 Severity Scale. This new, second cohort is open to hospitalized patients on invasive mechanical ventilation alone (WHO Level 6 patients). The protocol for the Level 6 cohort calls for approximately 500 evaluable subjects. The evaluation of EB05 in both the Level 6 and Level 7 patient populations was previously approved by regulators in Canada, Colombia and Poland. Enrollment for both cohorts is now running in parallel, and results will be evaluated independently. For the U.S., we are currently preparing a Phase 2 clinical study report (CSR) for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in support of their review of our Phase 3 study design. This report, which was not part of the Phase 2/3 design or requested by other jurisdictions, requires substantial processing and quality review, and we anticipate submitting the CSR data package to the FDA in the third calendar quarter of 2022.
Results of Operations
Comparison of the Three Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021
Total operating expenses decreased by $0.27 million to $5.80 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 compared to $6.07 million for the same period last year:
� Research and development expenses increased by $0.08 million to $4.55 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 compared to $4.46 million for the same period last year primarily due to a contractual payment for bulk drug product of EB05, which was substantially offset by decreased external research expenses related to our ongoing clinical studies and drug manufacturing.
� General and administrative expenses decreased by $0.36 million to $1.25 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 compared to $1.61 million for the same period last year primarily due to a decrease in noncash share-based compensation.
Total other income decreased by $1.30 million to $0.01 million for the three months ended June 30, 2022 compared to $1.31 million for the same period last year primarily due to a decrease in grant income associated with the completion of clinical study activities under our federal reimbursement grant with the Canadian government's Strategic Innovation Fund.
For the three months ended June 30, 2022, our net loss was $5.79 million, or $0.37 per common share, compared to a net loss of $4.76 million, or $0.36 per common share, for the three months ended June 30, 2021.
Comparison of the Nine Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021
Total operating expenses decreased by $2.67 million to $15.53 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 compared to $18.20 million for the same period last year:
� Research and development expenses decreased by $2.28 million to $11.54 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 compared to $13.82 million for the same period last year primarily due to decreased milestone payments, which were partially offset by higher external research expenses related to our ongoing clinical studies, and increased personnel expenses.
� General and administrative expenses decreased by $0.39 million to $3.99 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 compared to $4.38 million for the same period last year primarily due to a decrease in noncash share-based compensation.
Total other income decreased by $7.74 million to $0.80 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 compared to $8.54 million for the same period last year primarily due to a decrease in grant income associated with the completion of clinical study activities under our federal reimbursement grant with the Canadian government's Strategic Innovation Fund.
For the nine months ended June 30, 2022, our net loss was $14.74 million, or $1.04 per common share, compared to a net loss of $9.66 million, or $0.83 per common share, for the nine months ended June 30, 2021.
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Our capital expenditures primarily consist of computer and office equipment. There were no significant capital expenditures for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
As a clinical-stage company we have not generated significant revenue, and we expect to incur operating losses as we continue our efforts to acquire, develop, seek regulatory approval for and commercialize product candidates and execute on our strategic initiatives. Our operations have historically been funded through issuances of common shares, exercises of common share purchase warrants, convertible preferred shares, convertible loans, government grants and tax incentives. For the nine-month periods ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, we reported net losses of $14.73 million and $9.66 million, respectively.
On March 24, 2022, we completed a registered direct offering of 1,540,000 common shares, no par value, and pre-funded warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 1,199,727 common shares. In a concurrent private placement, we issued common share purchase warrants to purchase an aggregate of up to 2,739,727 common shares. After deducting the placement agent fees and offering expenses, net proceeds to the Company were approximately $9.01 million.
On November 22, 2021, we entered into an equity distribution agreement with RBC Capital Markets, LLC (RBCCM), as sales agent. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, as amended March 4, 2022, the Company could offer and sell, from time to time, common shares through an at-the-market offering program for up to $15.4 million in gross cash proceeds. From November 22, 2021 to March 21, 2022, we sold a total of 626,884 common shares pursuant to the agreement. After deducting commissions and direct costs, net proceeds totaled approximately $2.62 million. On March 21, 2022, the Company and RBCCM entered into an agreement terminating the agreement effective March 21, 2022.
Under our contribution agreement with the Canadian government's Strategic Innovation Fund (SIF), we are eligible to receive cash reimbursements up to C$14.05 million (approximately $11 million USD) in the aggregate for certain research and development expenses related to our EB05 clinical development program. For the year ended September 30, 2021, we recorded $10.34 million in grant income, and for the nine months ended June 30, 2022, we recorded $0.78 million in grant income.
On March 2, 2021, we completed a registered public offering of an aggregate of 1,562,500 common shares, no par value, of the Company at an offering price of $6.40 per share for net proceeds of $8.89 million, after deducting underwriter fees and related offering expenses.
For the year ended September 30, 2021, the exercise of warrants and options as well as sales under an equity distribution agreement with RBCCM resulted in the issuance of 987,859 common shares and net cash proceeds to the Company of $5.12 million.
At June 30, 2022, we had cash and cash equivalents of $12.81 million, working capital of $9.52 million, shareholders' equity of $11.84 million and an accumulated deficit of $41.23 million. We plan to finance company operations over the course of the next twelve months with cash and cash equivalents on hand and reimbursements of eligible research and development expenses under our contribution agreement with the Canadian government. Management has flexibility to adjust this timeline by making changes to planned expenditures related to, among other factors, the size and timing of clinical trial expenditures, staffing levels, and the acquisition or in-licensing of new product candidates. To help fund our operations and meet our obligations in the future, we are planning to seek additional financing through government grants, equity sales, debt financings or other capital sources, including potential future licensing, collaboration or similar arrangements with third parties or other strategic transactions. If we determine it is advisable to raise additional funds, there is no assurance that adequate funding will be available to us or, if available, that such funding will be available on terms that we or our shareholders view as favorable. Market volatility, inflation and concerns related to the COVID-19 pandemic may have a significant impact on the availability of funding sources and the terms at which any funding may be available.
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Research and Development
Our primary business is the development of innovative therapeutics for inflammatory and immune-related diseases with clear unmet medical needs. We focus our resources on research and development activities, including the conduct of clinical studies and product development, and expense such costs as they are incurred. Our research and development expenses have primarily consisted of employee-related expenses, including salaries, benefits, taxes, travel, and share-based compensation expense for personnel in research and development functions; expenses related to process development and production of product candidates paid to contract manufacturing organizations, including the cost of acquiring, developing, and manufacturing research material; costs associated with clinical activities, including expenses for contract research organizations; and clinical trials and activities related to regulatory filings for our product candidates, including regulatory consultants.
Research and development expenses, which have historically varied based on the level of activity in our clinical programs, are significantly influenced by study initiation expenses and patient recruitment rates, and as a result are expected to continue to fluctuate, sometimes substantially. Our research and development costs were $11.54 million and $13.82 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The decrease was due primarily to decreased milestone and bulk drug substance payments and lower license fees, which were partially offset by higher external research expenses related to the ongoing Phase 2/Phase 3 clinical study of our EB05 drug candidate, higher manufacturing expenses and increased salary and related personnel expenses.
Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
We do not have any off balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources.
Aug 12, 2022
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