(EDGAR Online via COMTEX) -- Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following discussion and analysis relates to the activities and operations of P10. As used in this section, "P10," the "Company", "we" or "our" includes P10 and only its consolidated subsidiaries. The following information should be read in conjunction with our selected financial and operating data and the accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes contained elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. Our historical results discussed below, and the way we evaluate our results, may differ significantly from the descriptions of our business and key metrics used elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q due to the effects of acquisitions which occurred during the year ended December 31, 2021, but may not have had a material impact on our statements of operations due to the limited period of time which they were included in our consolidated results. This quarterly report reflects the historical results of operations and financial position of P10 Holdings, our predecessor for accounting purposes, prior to the Reorganization and IPO. The following discussion may contain forward-looking statements that reflects our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed below and elsewhere in this Form 10-Q, and in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, particularly in "Risk Factors" and the "Forward-Looking Information." Unless otherwise indicated, references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to fiscal 2022 and 2021 are to our fiscal years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
We are a leading multi-asset class private market solutions provider in the alternative asset management industry. Our mission is to provide our investors differentiated access to a broad set of solutions and investment vehicles across highly attractive asset classes and geographies that generate superior risk-adjusted returns. Our success and growth have been driven by our position in the private markets' ecosystem, providing investors with specialized private market solutions across a comprehensive set of investment strategies, including primary investment funds, secondary investment, direct investment and co-investments and advisory solutions. As investors entrust us with additional capital, our relationships with our fund managers are strengthened, which drives additional investment opportunities, sources more data, enables portfolio optimization and enhances returns, and in turn attracts new investors.
During 2020, we completed several acquisitions to expand the private market solutions available to our investors. On April 1, 2020, we completed our acquisition of Five Points to serve as our Private Credit solution (which also offers certain private equity solutions). On October 2, 2020, we completed our acquisition of TrueBridge Capital Partners, LLC (TrueBridge) to serve as our Venture Capital solution. On December 14, 2020, we completed our acquisition of 100% of the equity interest in Enhanced Capital Group, LLC (ECG) to serve as our Impact Investing solution. These acquisitions were accounted for as business combinations, and these entities are reported as consolidated subsidiaries of P10. Additionally, on December 14, 2020, we completed our acquisition of approximately 49% of the voting interests and 50% of the economic interests in ECP, which is a related party of ECG. As we only acquired a non-controlling interest in ECP, it is reported as an equity method investment in accordance with ASC 323, Equity Method and Joint Ventures ("ASC 323").
On September 30, 2021, we completed the acquisitions of Hark Capital Advisors, LLC (Hark) and Bonaccord Capital Advisors, LLC (Bonaccord) to further expand on solutions available to our investors. The effect of these acquisitions is reflected in our Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2021 and the Consolidated Statement of Operations from September 30, 2021 to December 31, 2021. These acquisitions were accounted for as business combinations and are reported as consolidated subsidiaries of P10.
On October 20, 2021, P10 Holdings, in connection with its IPO, completed a reorganization and restructure. In connection with the reorganization, P10 became the parent company and all of the existing equity of P10 Holdings, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of P10, and its consolidated subsidiaries, including the convertible preferred units of P10 Intermediate were converted into common stock of P10. The offering and reorganization included a reverse stock split of P10 Holdings common stock on a 0.7-for-1 basis pursuant to which every outstanding share of common stock decreased to 0.7 shares. Net proceeds from the sale of our Class A common stock, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions but before expenses was approximately $129.4 million. Of the proceeds, $86.8 million was used to pay down outstanding term loan debt, $12.4 million was used to pay off RCP Seller's Notes, $1.1 million was used to cash settle certain option awards, $1.0 million was used to fund the dividend on P10 Intermediate's preferred stock and $4.5 million was used to pay expenses incurred in connection with the offering.
Following the reorganization and IPO, P10 has two classes of common stock, Class A common stock and Class B common stock. Each share of Class B common stock is entitled to ten votes while each share of Class A common stock is entitled to one vote.
On December 22, 2021, P10 entered into a $250 million credit agreement with a syndicate of banks, including JP Morgan Chase Bank and Texas Capital Bank as joint lead arrangers and bookrunners, which provided for the Term Loan in an aggregate principal amount of $125 million and Revolver Facility in an aggregate principal amount of $125 million with a four year term and an additional $125 million accordion feature. The variable interest rate is 210 basis points over the SOFR. Borrowings were used to pay down the outstanding balance under the previous credit facility with HPS and related transaction expenses, pay off Seller's Notes related to the RCP acquisition and to finance working capital needs and for general corporate purposes. During the first quarter of 2022, the Company paid down $25 million of the outstanding balance under the Revolver Facility and as of March 31, 2022, the outstanding balance was $65.9 million.
As of March 31, 2022, our private market solutions were comprised of the following:
Sources of Revenue
Our sources of revenue currently include fund management fee contracts, advisory service fee contracts, consulting agreements, referral fees, subscriptions and other services. The majority of our revenues are generated through long-term, fixed fee management and advisory contracts with our investors for providing investment solutions in the following vehicles for our investors:
We operate our business as a single operating segment, which is how our chief operating decision makers (our Co-Chief Executive Officers) evaluate financial performance and make decisions regarding the allocation of resources.
Trends Affecting Our Business
Our business is affected by a variety of factors, including conditions in the financial markets and economic and political conditions in the North American markets in which we operate, as well as changes in global economic conditions and regulatory or other governmental policies or actions, which can materially affect the values of the funds our platforms manage, as well as our ability to effectively manage investments. With interest rates remaining historically low, we continue to see investors turning towards alternative investments to achieve higher yields.
The continued growth of our business may be influenced by several factors, including the following market trends:
strategies into passive strategies will support growth in private market solutions as investors seek higher risk-adjusted returns. Additional trends driving investor demand are 1) increasing long-term investor allocations towards private market asset classes, 2) legislation that allows retirement plans to add private equity vehicles as an investment option, and 3) the adoption of Environmental, Social, and Corporate Governance ("ESG") and impact investing by the institutional and high net worth investor community.
managers is critical to our investors' success and our ability to maintain our competitive position and grow our revenue.
Key Financial & Operating Metrics
We generate revenues primarily from management fees and advisory contracts, and to a lesser extent, other consulting arrangements and services. See Significant Accounting Policies in Note 2 of our consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding the way revenues are recognized.
We earn management and advisory fees based on a percentage of investors' capital commitments in our funds or deployed capital. Management and advisory fees during the commitment period are charged on capital commitments and after the commitment period (or a defined anniversary of the fund's initial closing) is reduced by a percentage of the management and advisory fees for the preceding years or charged on net invested capital or NAV, in selected cases. Fee schedules are generally fixed and set for the expected life of the funds, which typically are between ten to fifteen years. These fees are typically staged to decrease over the life of the contract due to built-in declines in contractual rates and/or as a result of lower net invested capital balances as capital is returned to investors. We also earn revenues through catch-up fees ("catch up fees") on the funds we manage. Catch-up fees are earned from investors that make commitments to the fund after the first fund closing occurs during the fundraising period of funds originally launched in prior periods, and as such the investors are required to pay a catch-up fee as if they had committed to the fund at the first closing. While catch-up fees are not a significant component of our overall revenue stream, they may result in a temporary increase in our revenues in the period in which they are recognized.
Other revenue consists of subscription and consulting agreements and referral fees that we offer in certain cases. Subscription and consulting agreements provide advisory and/or reporting services to our investors such as monitoring and reporting on an investor's existing private markets investments. The subscription and consulting agreements typically have renewable one-year lives, and revenue is recognized ratably over the current term of the subscription or the agreement. If subscriptions or fees have been paid in advance, these fees are recorded as deferred revenue on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. Referral fee revenue is recognized upon closing of opportunities where we have referred credit opportunities that do not match our investment criteria.
Compensation and benefits are our largest expense and consists of salaries, bonuses, stock-based compensation, employee benefits and employer-related payroll taxes. Despite our general operating leverage that exists, we expect to continue to experience an incremental rise in compensation and benefits expense commensurate with expected growth in headcount and with the need to maintain competitive compensation levels as we expand into new markets to create new products and services. In substantially all instances, the Company does not hold carried interests in the funds that we manage. Carried interest is typically structured to stay with the investment professionals. As such, while this does not impact the compensation we pay to our employees, it allows our investment professionals to receive additional benefit and provides economic incentive for them to outperform on behalf of our investors. This structure differs from that of most of our competitors, which we believe better aligns the objectives of our stockholders, investors and investment professionals. The result is the substantial majority of our compensation and benefit expense is predictable.
Professional fees primarily consist of legal, advisory, accounting and tax fees which may include services related to our strategic development opportunities such as due diligence performed in connection with potential acquisitions. Our professional fees will fluctuate commensurate with our strategic objectives and potential acquisitions, and certain recurring accounting advisory, audit and tax expenses are expected to increase as our Company has become an SEC registrant and we must comply with additional regulatory requirements.
General, administrative and other includes occupancy, travel and entertainment, technology, insurance and other general costs associated with operating our business.
Strategic alliance expense is included in operating expenses. This expense is driven by a Strategic Alliance Agreement (SAA) that Bonaccord had entered into with an investor at the time Bonaccord was acquired in exchange for a portion of . . .
May 13, 2022
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