(EDGAR Online via COMTEX) -- Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Our Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying footnotes and Part II, Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
This report, including information included or incorporated by reference herein, contains forward-looking statements concerning the financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance and business of our company and its subsidiaries. These forward-looking statements include:
statements that are not historical in nature, including, but not limited to: (i) our belief that anticipated cash from operations, cash distributions from entities that we control, and borrowing capacity under our credit facility will be sufficient to meet our anticipated liquidity needs for the foreseeable future; (ii) our belief that we do not have material potential liability in connection with legal proceedings that would have a significant financial impact on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows; and (iii) our belief that our assets will continue to benefit from the development of unconventional shale plays as significant supply basins; and
statements preceded by, followed by or that contain forward-looking terminology including the words "believe," "expect," "may," "will," "should," "could," "anticipate," "estimate," "intend" or the negation thereof, or similar expressions.
Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or results. They involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements due to, among others, the following factors:
our ability to successfully implement our business plan for our assets and operations;
governmental legislation and regulations;
industry factors that influence the supply of and demand for crude oil, natural gas and NGLs;
industry factors that influence the demand for services in the markets (particularly unconventional shale plays) in which we provide services;
outbreak of illness, pandemic or any other public health crisis, including the COVID-19 pandemic;
the availability of crude oil, natural gas and NGLs, and the price of those commodities, to consumers relative to the price of alternative and competing fuels;
the availability of storage for hydrocarbons;
the ability of members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and other oil-producing countries to agree and maintain oil price and production controls;
costs or difficulties related to the integration of acquisitions and success of our joint ventures' operations;
operating hazards and other risks incidental to the provision of midstream services, including gathering, compressing, treating, processing, fractionating, transporting and storing energy products (i.e., crude oil, NGLs and natural gas) and related products (i.e., produced water);
the price and availability of debt and equity financing, including our ability to raise capital through alternatives like joint ventures; and
the ability to sell or monetize assets, to reduce indebtedness, to repurchase our equity securities, to make strategic investments, or for other general partnership purposes.
For additional factors that could cause actual results to be materially different from those described in the forward-looking statements, see Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors of our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K and Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Outlook and Trends
Our business objective is to create long-term value for our unitholders. We expect to create value for our investors by generating stable operating margins and improving cash flows from our diversified midstream operations by prudently financing investments in our assets and expansions of our portfolio, maximizing throughput and optimizing services on our assets, and effectively controlling our capital expenditures, operating and administrative costs.
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In the first quarter of 2020, during a period of growing global and US oil supplies, OPEC and Russia failed to agree on a plan to cut production of oil and related commodities to balance the global oil markets. Commensurate with this excess global oil supply market condition, the COVID-19 pandemic caused an unprecedented decrease in global oil demand. Subsequently, Saudi Arabia announced plans to increase production and reduce the prices at which they sell oil. While OPEC, Russia, the United States and other oil and gas producing countries subsequently agreed to collectively decrease production, these events, combined with the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic have contributed to a significant decrease and volatility in prices for oil. The effect of these events was further exacerbated by a shortage in available storage for hydrocarbons in the U.S., which caused the prices for oil to further decrease dramatically in 2020. The resulting low commodity price environment has adversely impacted U.S. producers and other companies in the energy industry.
Despite the recent decline in commodity prices and resulting market conditions, our long-term business strategy has not changed. We have, however, implemented a number of adjustments to our operations and financial strategies in response to these market conditions, including (i) substantially reducing capital expenditures in response to lower development activity by our gathering and processing customers; (ii) realigning our organization to reduce operating and administrative expenses; (iii) engaging with our customers to maintain volumes across our asset portfolio; (iv) optimizing our storage, transportation and marketing assets to take advantage of regional commodity price volatility; and
In light of these events, we anticipate that the decrease in commodity prices will have a negative impact on certain of our gathering and processing segment's customers. We expect this to result in reduced production volumes in our oil-weighted basins over the next six months and negatively impact our short-term gathering and processing segment results. In June 2020, Chesapeake, our major customer in the Powder River Basin, filed for protection under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code and in July 2020, Bruin, our major customer in the Bakken, filed for protection under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. Chesapeake and Bruin were current on all amounts due to us as of June 30, 2020 and additional cash flow protection is in place with Chesapeake via letters of credit. We are well positioned to maintain full operations to Chesapeake and Bruin throughout their bankruptcy proceedings, and we are closely monitoring our exposure to ensure they continue to promptly pay amounts invoiced to them. We also believe that the natural gas, crude and NGL storage and marketing operations in our storage and transportation and marketing, supply and logistics segments could benefit from the current shortage in available storage for hydrocarbons in the U.S. and the price volatility in the commodity markets caused by the current supply and demand imbalances for crude oil and other commodities. In the current market environment, this could offset some portion of the negative impact of lower commodity prices on our gathering and processing segment, resulting in our expectation that our full year 2020 results of operations will be relatively consistent with our consolidated results of operations in 2019, excluding the impairment of goodwill associated with our Powder River Basin operations described in further detail below.
Below is a discussion of events that highlight our core business and financing activities. Through continued execution of our plan, we have materially improved the strategic and financial position of the Company and expect to capitalize on increasing opportunities in an improving but competitive market environment, which will position us to achieve our chief business objective to create long-term value for our unitholders.
Bakken. In the Bakken, we completed several capital projects to expand natural gas capacity on the Arrow gas gathering system and upgrade our Arrow produced water gathering system, disposal wells and handling facilities, which should allow us to better serve our customer needs. We believe the expansion of our Arrow facilities, including the placing in service of the Bear Den II processing plant in late 2019, allows us to provide greater flow assurance to our producer customers and reduce the flaring of natural gas experienced by producers on the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation.
In July 2020, a U.S. District Court ordered the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) to shutdown due to environmental and permitting issues. On August 5, 2020, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ordered that shutdown of DAPL be stayed and set an expedited schedule for briefing by the parties. The Court of Appeals did not stay the lower court's vacating of the DAPL easement, but asked the lower court to clarify whether the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (the Army Corps) intends to allow the continued operation of DAPL. The Army Corps has stated that continued operation of DAPL if the easement is vacated will be subject to review by the federal courts. We are actively engaged with our producer customers on the Arrow system to ensure downstream market access for their crude oil volumes. The Arrow gathering system currently connects
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to the DAPL, Hiland and Tesoro pipelines, providing significant downstream delivery capacity for our Arrow customers. Additionally, we can transport Arrow crude volumes to our COLT Hub facility by pipeline or truck, which mitigates the impact to our producers with the ability to access multiple markets out of the basin.
In response to several produced water releases on our Arrow system over the past few years, during 2019, we removed approximately 30 miles of water gathering pipeline from service. We plan to continue replacing certain sections of our water gathering system with pipeline composed of higher capacity material that is more suitable for the environment and climate conditions in the Bakken. This capital project will increase water gathering capacity on the Arrow system and further our commitment to sustainability and environmental stewardship on the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation.
Powder River Basin. In the Powder River Basin, during the first quarter of 2020, we completed the 200 MMcf/d expansion of our processing capacity at our Bucking Horse facility, which increased our processing capacity to 345 MMcf/d. In addition, we placed in-service two compressor stations with 18,750 horsepower and significantly expanded the gas gathering system to connect numerous wells that had been drilled and completed by our producer customers.
Delaware Permian. In the Delaware Permian, through our Crestwood Permian joint venture, we are expanding our gas gathering systems and continue to optimize processing volumes at our Orla processing plant. Additionally, in the second quarter of 2020, we completed construction and commenced operations of a produced water gathering and salt water disposal system pursuant to an agreement with a large integrated producer in Culberson and Reeves Counties, Texas. The system capacity is 60 MBbls/d as of June 30, 2020 with plans to expand up to 120 MBbls/d based on producer activity.
Marketing, Supply and Logistics. In April 2020, we acquired several NGL storage and rail-to-truck LPG terminals from Plains for approximately $162 million. These assets are complementary to our existing NGL assets, are located in high demand markets across the central and eastern United States and include 7 MMBbls of NGL storage and seven LPG terminals. As a result of the acquisition, we now have approximately 10 MMBbls of NGL and LPG storage capacity and 13 LPG terminals offering expanded propane and butane services to the market, as well as greater access to a wide range of NGL and LPG supplies from hubs, pipelines, refiners and processors.
Our regulatory matters are discussed in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K and there have been no material changes in those matters from December 31, 2019 to June 30, 2020.
Critical Accounting Estimates
Our critical accounting estimates are consistent with those described in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Below is an update of our critical accounting estimates related to goodwill, long-lived assets and equity method investments.
Our goodwill represents the excess of the amount we paid for a business over the fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired. We evaluate goodwill for impairment annually on December 31, and whenever events indicate that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit could be less than its carrying amount. This evaluation requires us to compare the fair value of each of our reporting units to its carrying value (including goodwill). If the fair value exceeds the carrying amount, goodwill of the reporting unit is not considered impaired.
We estimate the fair value of our reporting units based on a number of factors, including discount rates, projected cash flows and the potential value we would receive if we sold the reporting unit. Estimating projected cash flows requires us to make certain assumptions as it relates to the future operating performance of each of our reporting units (which includes assumptions, among others, about estimating future operating margins and related future growth in those margins, contracting efforts and the cost and timing of facility expansions) and assumptions related to our customers, such as their future capital and operating plans and their financial condition. When considering operating performance, various factors are considered such as current and changing economic conditions and the commodity price environment, among others. Due to the imprecise nature of these projections and assumptions, actual results can and often do, differ from our estimates. If the assumptions embodied in the projections prove inaccurate, we could incur a future impairment charge. In addition, the use of the income approach to determine the fair value of our reporting units (see further discussion of the use of the income approach below) could result in a different fair value if we had utilized a market approach, or a combination thereof.
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The following table summarizes the goodwill of our various reporting units (in millions):
Impairment during the six months ended December 31, June 30, June 30, 2019 2020 2020 Gathering and Processing Arrow $ 45.9 $ - $ 45.9 Powder River Basin 80.3 80.3 - Marketing, Supply and Logistics NGL Marketing and Logistics 92.7 - 92.7 Total $ 218.9 $ 80.3 $ 138.6
During the first quarter of 2020, current and forward commodity prices significantly declined from their levels at December 31, 2019 due primarily to the decreases in energy demand as a result of the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and actions taken by the OPEC, Russia, the United States and other oil-producing countries relating to the oversupply of oil. We currently anticipate that the decrease in commodity prices will have a negative impact on certain of our customers in our gathering and processing segment, which could adversely impact the financial performance of certain of the reporting units within those operations.
Upon acquisition, we are required to record the assets, liabilities and goodwill of a reporting unit at its fair value on the date of acquisition. As a result, any level of decrease in the forecasted cash flows of these businesses or increases in the discount rates utilized to value those businesses from their respective acquisition dates would likely result in the fair value of the reporting unit falling below the carrying value of the reporting unit, and could result in an assessment of whether that reporting unit's goodwill is impaired.
We acquired our Powder River Basin reporting unit in 2019 and recorded it at fair value at that time. Based on the events that occurred during the first quarter of 2020 described above, we determined that the forecasted cash flows, and therefore the fair value of our Powder River Basin reporting unit significantly decreased during the first quarter of 2020, and accordingly performed a quantitative impairment assessment of the goodwill related to that reporting unit during that period. Based on our quantitative assessment, which utilized the income approach, we determined that the goodwill associated with the Powder River Basin reporting unit should be fully impaired during the first quarter of 2020, and accordingly recorded an $80.3 million impairment of the goodwill attributed to that reporting unit during the first quarter of 2020.
We continue to monitor our goodwill associated with our Arrow and NGL Marketing and Logistics reporting units, and if we receive additional negative information about market conditions or the intent of our customers to further curtail production, it could negatively impact the forecasted cash flows or discount rates utilized to determine the fair value of those businesses. A 40% decrease in the forecasted cash flows related to our Arrow and NGL Marketing and Logistics reporting units would not have resulted in an impairment of either of these reporting units. A 5% increase in the discount rate utilized to determine the fair value of our Arrow and NGL Marketing and Logistics reporting units at December 31, 2019 would also not have resulted in an impairment of either of these reporting units. There were no triggers which required us to evaluate our goodwill for impairment during the three months ended June 30, 2020.
Our long-lived assets consist of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets that have been obtained through multiple business combinations and property, plant and equipment that has been constructed in recent years. We continually monitor our business, the business environment and the performance of our operations to determine if an event has occurred that indicates that a long-lived asset may be impaired. If an event occurs, which is a determination that involves judgment, we may be required to utilize cash flow projections to assess our ability to recover the carrying value of our assets based on our long-lived assets' ability to generate future cash flows on an undiscounted basis.
Projected cash flows of our long-lived assets are generally based on current and anticipated future market conditions, which require significant judgments to make projections and assumptions about pricing, demand, competition, operating costs, construction costs, legal and regulatory issues and other factors that may extend many years into the future and are often outside of our control. If those cash flow projections indicate that the long-lived asset's carrying value is not recoverable, we record an
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impairment charge for the excess of the carrying value of the asset over its fair value. The estimate of fair value considers a number of factors, including the potential value we would receive if we sold the asset, discount rates and projected cash flows. Due to the imprecise nature of these projections and assumptions, actual results can and often do, differ from our estimates.
During the first quarter of 2020, current and forward commodity prices significantly declined from their levels at December 31, 2019 due primarily to the decreases in energy demand as a result of the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and actions taken by the OPEC, Russia, the United States and other oil-producing countries relating to the oversupply of oil. We currently anticipate that the decrease in commodity prices could have a negative impact on certain of our customers in our gathering and processing segment, which could adversely impact the financial performance of certain of the reporting units within those operations. Although we currently anticipate that the decline in commodity prices have not decreased the forecasted financial performance of our operations to where the undiscounted cash flows to be generated by our long-lived asset groups have fallen below the carrying value of those long-lived asset groups, we continue to monitor our long-lived assets, and we could experience impairments of the carrying value of our long-lived assets in the future if we receive additional negative information about market conditions or the intent of our long-lived assets' customers, which could negatively impact the forecasted cash flows utilized to determine the recoverability of those assets.
As noted above, during the first quarter of 2020, we recorded an impairment of the goodwill associated with our Powder River Basin reporting unit. The impairment of goodwill is different than our evaluation of the potential impairment of the long-lived assets of a reporting unit, because when we perform an assessment of the recoverability of goodwill, we utilize fair value estimates that primarily utilize discounted cash flows in the estimation process (as described above), and accordingly a reporting unit that has experienced a goodwill impairment may not experience a similar impairment of the underlying long-lived assets included in that reporting unit. Furthermore, a 40% decrease in the forecasted cash flows of our Powder River Basin reporting unit would not have resulted in a long-lived asset impairment. As a result, we did not record any material impairments of our property, plant and equipment and intangible assets during the first quarter of 2020. There were no triggers which required us to evaluate our long-lived assets for impairment during the three months ended June 30, 2020.
Equity Method Investments
We evaluate our equity method investments for impairment when events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the equity method investment may be impaired and that impairment is other than temporary. If an event occurs, we evaluate the recoverability of our carrying value based on the fair value of the investment. If an impairment is indicated, we adjust the carrying values of the asset downward, if necessary, to their estimated fair values.
We estimate the fair value of our equity method investments based on a number of factors, including discount rates, projected cash flows, enterprise value and the potential value we would receive if we sold the equity method investment. Estimating projected cash flows requires us to make certain assumptions as it relates to the future operating performance of each of our equity method investments (which includes assumptions, among others, about estimating future operating margins and related future growth in those margins, contracting efforts and the cost and timing of facility expansions) and assumptions related to our equity method investments' customers, such as their future capital and operating plans and their financial condition. When considering operating performance, various factors are considered such as current and changing economic conditions and the commodity price environment, among others. Due to the imprecise nature of these projections and assumptions, actual results can and often do, differ from our estimates.
During the first quarter of 2020, current and forward commodity prices significantly declined from their levels at December 31, 2019 due primarily to the decreases in energy demand as a result of the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and actions taken by the OPEC, Russia, the United States and other oil-producing countries relating to the over supply of oil. We currently anticipate that the decrease in commodity prices could have a negative impact on certain of the customers of our equity-method investments, which could adversely impact the financial performance of certain of those investments. Although we currently anticipate that the decline in commodity prices has not decreased the fair value of our equity investments below their carrying value and any such decline would not be considered other than temporary, we continue to monitor our equity method investments (especially those with gathering and processing operations such as our Crestwood Permian equity method investment). If we receive additional negative information about market conditions or the intent of our equity method investments' customers to curtail production in the future that negatively impacts the forecasted cash flows or discount rates utilized to determine the fair value of those investments, we could experience impairments to the carrying value of these investments.
Our equity method investments have long-lived assets, intangible assets, goodwill and equity method investments in their underlying financial statements, and our equity investees apply similar accounting policies and have similar critical accounting estimates in assessing those assets for impairment as we do. During the first quarter of 2020, we recorded a $4.5 million
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reduction to the equity earnings from our PRBIC equity method investment as a result of us recording our proportionate share of a long-lived asset impairment recorded by the equity method investment. The carrying value of our PRBIC equity method investment was $3.8 million at June 30, 2020. None of our other equity method investments recorded any material impairments during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
How We Evaluate Our Operations
We evaluate our overall business performance based primarily on EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. We do not utilize depreciation, amortization and accretion expense in our key measures because we focus our performance management on cash flow generation and our assets have long useful lives.
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA - We believe that EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are widely accepted financial indicators of a company's operational performance and its ability to incur and service debt, fund capital expenditures and make distributions. We believe that EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are useful to our investors because it allows them to use the same performance measure analyzed . . .
Aug 06, 2020
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