By Jacob Passy
SAUL LOEB/AFP/Getty Images
Air Italy will now allow travelers to choose nonbinary gender options when booking flights.
The new policy makes the Alitalia competitor the first airline based in Europe to provide passengers with these options. Earlier this year, United Airlines /zigman2/quotes/205037281/composite UAL +4.61% became the first U.S. airline to institute the change. Other airlines, including American /zigman2/quotes/209207041/composite AAL -0.49% , Delta /zigman2/quotes/200327741/composite DAL -0.49% , Southwest /zigman2/quotes/201071949/composite LUV +1.45% , Alaska /zigman2/quotes/200972303/composite ALK +0.49% and JetBlue /zigman2/quotes/207639051/composite JBLU +1.82% , have said they are in the process of updating their booking processes as well .
Moving forward, Air Italy passengers will be allowed to select X (other) as opposed to M (male) or F (female) when asked for their gender. Additionally, the non-binary honorific Mx was added to the dropdown list of titles for those who opt not to provide a gender.
“The decision of a first-tier airline like Air Italy to invest resources and time to focus on inclusivity, is a positive example that we hope is followed by others,” said Gabriele Piazzoni, general secretary of Arcigay, Italy’s largest LGBT organization, in a statement that accompanied the airline’s announcement.
“The civil progress of a country depends not only on its laws, but also by the way in which the private sector puts in place anti-discrimination initiatives that take into consideration the many differences that exist,” Piazzoni added.
Air Italy was previously known as Meridiana, but was rebranded in 2018 and has since expanded to offer more international flights. The airline’s holding company is co-owned by Italian aviation firm Alisarda and Qatar Airways, the airline owned by the Qatari government. As it has expanded its footprint, Air Italy has drawn criticism from U.S. airlines , including Delta, American and United, because of the government subsidies Qatar Airways receives.
Air Italy does operates flights between Italy and Qatar. While it is not clear what rights transgender or non-binary people have in Qatar, homosexual activity is illegal in the Persian Gulf state and punishable by multiple years in prison for non-Muslims or death for Muslims, though there is no evidence that the death penalty has ever been ordered for homosexuality.
The airline industry has worked to update its booking processes as various governments have begun to allow citizens to choose non-binary gender options for driver licenses and other forms of ID.
Oregon became the first U.S. state to allow residents to choose to identify as something other than male or female on ID cards including driver licenses . California, Colorado, Maine, Minnesota, Arkansas and Washington, D.C., have since instituted similar options. At least 10 countries have begun issuing passports with gender designations other than male or female, including Australia, Bangladesh, Canada, Germany, India, New Zealand and Pakistan, according to Lambda Legal .
But these laws can present roadblocks just as readily as they can opportunities for people who are transgender, intersex, genderqueer or non-binary. Passengers should only opt to use the nonbinary options provided by airlines if their government-issued identification documents also list a nonbinary gender, according to the Transportation Security Administration . For international travel, passports should match the booking information. Otherwise, they could be denied boarding by the airline.
Many countries, including the U.S., have laws that require the passenger information supplied at booking to match what is listed on the ID a person uses for travel, such as a passport. American and international airline trade groups have recently updated their standards to allow airlines to offer broader gender options to travelers as more governments have begun recognizing these gender identities for official purposes.
The NYSE Arca Airline Index /zigman2/quotes/210598447/delayed XX:XAL +0.22% , which measures the performance of international airline companies, is up 5.70% year-to-date. Comparatively, the Dow Jones Industrial Average /zigman2/quotes/210598065/realtime DJIA -1.84% and the S&P 500 /zigman2/quotes/210599714/realtime SPX -1.60% are up 9.48% and 12.74% over that same time-frame.