Major U.S. stock benchmarks finished Monday above, or near, their prior all-time closing highs, as lockdown measures eased in New York City and elsewhere, sparking optimism about the potential for economy recovery.
How did benchmarks fare?
The Dow Jones Industrial Average /zigman2/quotes/210598065/realtime DJIA +1.34% climbed 461.46 points, or 1.7%, to end at 27,572.44, its sixth straight gain. The S&P 500 /zigman2/quotes/210599714/realtime SPX +1.60% rose 38.46 points, or 1.2%, finishing at 3,232.39. The tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite Index /zigman2/quotes/210598365/realtime COMP +2.26% gained 110.66 points, or 1.1%, ending at 9,924.74, a new all-time closing record.
The Dow on Monday finished 6.7% off its closing high in mid-February, while the S&P 500 ended only 4.5% shy of its highest close, according to Dow Jones Market Data.
What drove the market?
The Federal Reserve has been wildly successful in terms of keeping credit flowing during the pandemic, with major U.S. equity and debt benchmarks already recouping significant lost ground since the COVID-19 pandemic forced the nation into lockdown.
The stock rally included not only high-flying technology companies that provided sought-after services during recent shutdowns, but also companies battered by low oil prices and the near halt in travel.
“I’m finding it exciting,” said Diane Jaffee, a senior portfolio manager at TCW, in a telephone interview with MarketWatch, adding that the breath of the recovery and recent sector rotation looks like it’s “not for a short term, but longer term.”
Investors also will keep an eye on what the central bank does next, with the Fed set to release its updated policy statement on Wednesday and its first set of economic projections since December.
Investors aren’t expecting the Fed to pull in its backstops or to dial back rates, which currently stand at a range between 0% and 0.25%. But they will look for more clues from policy makers after Friday’s jobs report produced a stunning 2.5 million increase in payrolls in May, when economists had expected as many as 9 million jobs lost in the month, amid coronavirus-related closures.
“Some policy makers will look at the results of recent progress and conclude that no more fiscal stimulus is needed,” said Kristina Hooper, Invesco’s chief global market strategist, in emailed commentary on Monday, while pointing to a classification error that made the unemployment rate look better than it actually was.
“To the contrary — I believe that recent economic data proves that fiscal stimulus is needed,” Hooper said.
Friday data showed that the U.S. May unemployment rate fell to 13.3%from 14.7%. Economists polled by MarketWatch had predicted the loss of 7.25 million jobs and a May unemployment rate of 19%.
In other economic data, the National Bureau of Economic Research, the ultimate arbiter of the state of the U.S. economy, said the domestic economy officially entered recession in February, ending its longest period of expansion on record.
Despite civil unrest and rising Sino-American trade tensions, markets have been kept afloat and even made significant gains on the back of trillions of dollars in support from the U.S. government and the Fed, whose balance sheet has ballooned to $7.21 trillion from around $4 trillion in March.
Investors also have been heartened by efforts to reopen the U.S. economy in the aftermath of pandemic-related closures. Reopening plans are in various stages in all 50 U.S. states. New York City, one of the regions hardest hit by coronavirus, launched the first phase of its reopening on Monday, including the restart of construction and limited retail operations.