By Tomi Kilgore, MarketWatch
The kick-off of earnings season Tuesday was a tale of both winners and losers on Wall Street as a number of blue-chip companies reported both profit and revenue that beat expectations, while a couple of notable banks fell surprisingly short.
Once known as Wall Street’s golden boy, given its dominance in the trading and investment banking arenas, Goldman Sachs Group Inc.’s /zigman2/quotes/209237603/composite GS -0.40% third-quarter results show how even the mighty can fall during what Chief Executive David Solomon called a “mixed operating environment.”
Goldman’s stock ended 0.3% higher to underperform the Dow Jones Industrial Average’s /zigman2/quotes/210598065/realtime DJIA -0.58% 0.9% gain, as revenue topped the FactSet consensus estimate but profit fell below forecasts, amid weakness in its investment banking and investing and lending businesses.
Within investment banking, equity underwriting fell 11% from a year ago, which Goldman said reflected “a significant decline in industry-wide initial public offerings.” That might not sound so bad as stock market volatility spiked mid-quarter, but fellow Dow Jones Industrial Average component J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. /zigman2/quotes/205971034/composite JPM -1.05% said the exact opposite.
J.P. Morgan reported third-quarter profit, revenue and net interest income (NII) that beat estimates, sending the stock surging 3% and touching a record intraday high of $121.59.
The blue-chip bank’s Chief Financial Officer Jennifer Piepszak said on the post-earnings conference call with analysts, according to a FactSet transcript, that equity underwriting results soared 22% amid a “strong” performance in IPOs, boasting that the bank “significantly” outperformed its peers.
Goldman’s also suffered from some bad stock bets, an area the bank used to excel. Revenue in equity securities plunged 40% to $662 million, which Chief Financial Officer Stephen Scherr said was because of, to put it mildly, a “reduction in market value on our public investment portfolio.”
“Expectations for Goldman Sachs this quarter were already low, but the bank failed to deliver even on these revised forecasts, stumbling in areas where rival J.P. Morgan Chase just announced far more favorable results,” said Octavio Marenzi, CEO of capital markets management consultant Opimas.
Marenzi said most troubling was Goldman’s troubles in investing and lending, which had frequently “carried the day” in previous quarters. “Here, [Goldman] uncharacteristically stumbled badly, with bets on WeWork and other unicorns turning sour,” Marenzi said.
Meanwhile, Citigroup Inc. /zigman2/quotes/207741460/composite C 0.00% beat profit and revenue expectations, sending the stock up 1.4% and to a fifth straight gain, while Wells Fargo & Co. /zigman2/quotes/203790192/composite WFC -0.07% profit fell well below expectations although revenue rose more than projected to push the stock 1.7% higher.
UnitedHealth Group Inc. /zigman2/quotes/210453738/composite UNH -0.84% was the big winner, however, as the stock soared 8.2% to pace the Dow’s and S&P 500’s /zigman2/quotes/210599714/realtime SPX -0.16% gainers.
The health services company’s stock had slumped 10.9% during the third quarter, compared with a 1.2% rise in the Dow, amid uncertainty over the political landscape ahead of the 2020 elections and increasing competition.
After beating profit and revenue expectations and raising its full-year revenue, however, the shares headed toward the biggest one-day percentage gain in 8½ years, and the biggest price gain since the company went public 35 years ago.
Also in the health-care sector, Dow component Johnson & Johnson /zigman2/quotes/201724570/composite JNJ -0.13% impressed, as the stock rallied 1.6% after earnings rose more than expected. Total revenue also beat forecasts, as consumer, pharmaceutical and medical devices results all beat.
And like its blue-chip peer UnitedHealth, J&J also raised its full-year earnings guidance.
Meanwhile, the unofficial start of earnings season hasn’t changed the outlook for the earnings recession that started in the second quarter to continue into the third. S&P 500 EPS is projected to decline 5.0% from a year ago, according to FactSet, compared with expectations of a 0.6% decline as of the start of the third quarter.
United Airlines raises 2019 guidance
United Airlines Holdings Inc. /zigman2/quotes/205037281/composite UAL +1.51% reported third-quarter earnings after the closing bell and shares rose more than 1% after the airline raised its guidance for the year and posted an adjusted profit above Wall Street expectations. The company added that it was “ahead of pace” to reach its goal of an adjusted EPS between $11 and $13 for 2020.
J.B. Hunt Transport Services Inc. /zigman2/quotes/205536609/composite JBHT -0.61% and Interactive Brokers Group Inc. /zigman2/quotes/208880397/composite IBKR -0.25% , the other two major companies in the after-hours earnings lineup, saw their shares head lower, however. Interactive Brokers reported quarterly per-share earnings in line with expectations, while per-share profit at J.B. Hunt rose but not as much as Wall Street analysts forecast.