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June 26, 2018, 10:25 a.m. EDT

Here’s what you need to know about the big European carbon dioxide shortage

It comes at a tricky time, as temperatures climb and soccer fans flood pubs to watch the World Cup

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By Victor Reklaitis, MarketWatch


George Frey/Getty Images
Coca-Cola Co. says it has paused some production due to the carbon dioxide shortage.

Will your investment portfolio and taste buds survive the big European carbon dioxide shortage of 2018?

Brewers, along with producers of soft drinks, chicken and other packaged foods, have been grappling this month with a hit to CO2 supplies.

It’s coming at a tricky time, as temperatures are climbing and soccer fans are flooding to pubs, bars and restaurants to watch the World Cup.

Here’s what the summertime shortage could mean for shareholders in beverage companies — and for regular thirsty folks.

What the fizz?

Trade publication Gasworld first reported last week about the “worst supply situation to hit the European carbon-dioxide business in decades,” adding that the U.K. appeared to be the hardest-hit country. CO2 is used to put the fizz into beer and soft drinks, and it helps extend the shelf life of poultry and other meat.

Ammonia plants serve as a major source of food-grade CO2 in Europe, as the gas is a byproduct. But ammonia is manufactured for use in fertilizer products, and there is less demand for those from farmers in summer. So such plants regularly shut down in April through June, that industry’s slow period, Gasworld noted.

“What has compounded the situation this year is not only the timing of all the maintenance procedures, but that ammonia market prices have fallen to a low and imports are available from outside of Western Europe,” the trade publication reported.

That has led to European producers prolonging the downtime for ammonia plants. In addition, higher prices for natural gas — a major raw material for ammonia manufacture — have crimped profit margins and provided another reason to stay shut down. Technical problems at some plants also helped the situation become “critical,” according to Gasworld.

How long will it last?

The supply crunch looks set to improve, the trade journal reported more recently. “I do not expect to see any severe shortages of beer or fizzy drinks. Some of the big branded breweries have their own CO2 recovery and production, so they can keep on producing beers and lagers,” said John Raquet, the trade publication’s founder and CEO .

How is it affecting companies?

From Coca-Cola Co. /zigman2/quotes/209159848/composite KO -2.57% to Heineken NV /zigman2/quotes/205347870/delayed NL:HEIA -0.79%   /zigman2/quotes/206351165/delayed HEINY -1.10%  , key companies have said they’ve been affected by the CO2 shortage in Europe.

“We are currently responding to an industry-wide issue that is impacting the supply of CO2 in the U.K.,” said Coca-Cola in an email to MarketWatch.

“During this period, we’ve paused some of our production lines for short periods, however there has been no disruption to supply to date and we are continuing to fulfill orders to our customers,” the company added.

/zigman2/quotes/209159848/composite
US : U.S.: NYSE
$ 43.91
-1.16 -2.57%
Volume: 16.09M
July 9, 2020 4:00p
P/E Ratio
18.93
Dividend Yield
3.73%
Market Cap
$193.57 billion
Rev. per Employee
$506,342
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/zigman2/quotes/205347870/delayed
NL : Netherlands: Euronext Amsterdam
83.00
-0.66 -0.79%
Volume: 554,295
July 9, 2020 5:35p
P/E Ratio
22.00
Dividend Yield
2.02%
Market Cap
€48.13 billion
Rev. per Employee
N/A
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/zigman2/quotes/206351165/delayed
US : U.S.: OTC
$ 47.03
-0.52 -1.10%
Volume: 35,887
July 9, 2020 3:59p
P/E Ratio
22.30
Dividend Yield
1.58%
Market Cap
$54.52 billion
Rev. per Employee
N/A
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