By Shawn Langlois, MarketWatch
At the midpoint of the year, Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway /zigman2/quotes/208872451/composite BRK.A +3.07% was sitting on a record cash pile of $122 billion, leading one longtime shareholder to dump his position because, as he recently explained , “thumb-sucking has not cut the Heinz /zigman2/quotes/203625533/composite KHC +1.72% mustard during the Great Bull Market.”
But why has the Oracle of Omaha opted to add to his massive cash hoard even as the Dow Jones Industrial Average /zigman2/quotes/210598065/realtime DJIA +1.85% and the S&P 500 /zigman2/quotes/210599714/realtime SPX +1.95% — both up nicely in Tuesday’s session — continue to bang out record highs?
One reason may lie in this chart, a variant to what Buffett has described as “the best single measure of where valuations stand at any given moment,” which was posted by Gary Evans of the Global Macro Monitor blog this week:
As you can see, the ratio suggests valuations are at a level not seen since the internet bubble two decades ago, prompting Evans to warn that there’s “very little to the upside” and “very much to the downside” in the current climate.
Evans also used this chart of the number of hours of work needed to buy the S&P. “The average person, making the average salary is not a big holder of stocks,” he pointed out, “but the metric does give a heads up when the stock market becomes divorced from the underlying economic trend.”
Can the market keep chugging along in the face of historic valuations? Evans says it’s possible but investors “will need a theme to fuel the delusion.”
Those themes could come in the form of “QE Forever,” though he says that’s not likely. “That jig is almost up and any further rise in inflation will put a stake through its heart,” Evans wrote in his post.
Or, perhaps artificial intelligence will be a driving force.
“This is the one to watch, which will be a major disruptive force for decades to come,” he explained. “The theme goes something like this: Companies can lay off all their workers and replace them with machines and algorithms, which will inflate margins to infinity and beyond.”
In that case, however, aggregate demand and economic growth would be crushed, he said. “The geniuses are trying to find a balance and, thus far, have come up with concepts such as Universal Basic Income and Modern Monetary Theory.”
Nevertheless, Evans remains unconvinced stocks will avoid a big reversal.
“Wake us up after the above charts regress to their means, about 40% lower,” he wrote as he urged readers to “turn off the talking heads on bubble vision and #FinTwit, who will find it difficult to interpret the... charts because their salaries and year-end bonuses depend on their not understanding them or are incentivized to dismiss them outright.”