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Sept. 25, 2020, 12:45 p.m. EDT

The world’s poorest countries may get another freeze on their debt payments. What they really need is debt forgiveness

By Pierre Briançon


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A health worker wearing personal protective equipment at the Mekele COVID-19 Isolation and Treatment Center, in Mekele, Ethiopia.

The finance ministers of the G-7 group of major industrial countries are due to agree on Friday in a videoconference on extending by six months, to June 2021, the suspension of the world’s 73 poorest countries’ debt payments.

- The G-7 backing may help trigger a similar agreement by the G-20 larger group of the world’s wealthiest nations, whose finance ministers will meet on October 14.

- Answering calls from the IMF and the World Bank, the G-20 agreed in April on a “Debt Service Suspension Initiative,” granting debt-service suspension to the neediest countries until December. The IMF recently called for the deadline to be pushed by one year, to the end of 2021.

- The World Bank has estimated that the countries benefiting from the initiative would together save up to $11.5 billion in debt service payments this year on debt held by official creditors (governments or international organizations).

- The Institute of International Finance in April urged private creditors to extend debt relief to their poorest debtors along the same lines.

The outlook: A final decision on extension will be taken by the G-20 summit of heads of states and governments in November. But the biggest question remains unsolved: Beyond a simple and temporary freeze on their debt payments, the 73 countries really need a major debt restructuring plan that would include some debt forgiveness. Most of them were often classified as stressed debtors before the COVID-19 pandemic began, and so it is adding to an already unsustainable financial burden.

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