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If you’re looking for work, would the auto industry provide job security?
President Trump promised “nearly 100,000 new high-paying American auto jobs” in his State of the Union address Tuesday, a result of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA). He added that the agreement would “boost exports for our farmers, ranchers, and factory workers.”
However, there were 10,600 auto industry job cuts in January, according to Bureau of Labor Statistics data released Friday. Last year there were 50,776 job cuts in the auto industry, according to a separate report published Thursday by Challenger, Gray and Christmas, a Chicago-based outplacement and career-transitioning firm. The sector has been slashing jobs amid trade concerns. (Challenger’s report found that there were only 5,437 job cuts in January.)
What’s more, average hourly wages in the auto industry currently hover at $23.90, barely $2 more an hour than in 2009. Those wages are below the average hourly wage of $28.44 for the private sector, according to the BLS.
A report by the U.S. International Trade Commission estimated USMCA would create 176,000 jobs in the U.S. overall, with 28,000 jobs in the auto sector.
Democratic Sen. Sherrod Brown of Ohio said Americans should steer clear of the auto industry, or at least for the time being. “When workers are treated right, manufacturing and auto-sector jobs can absolutely provide good-paying, family-supporting jobs,” Brown said in a statement.
“Unfortunately, this president has betrayed workers at every turn. Instead of fighting to save the jobs in Lordstown, [Ohio,] he gave General Motors /zigman2/quotes/205226835/composite GM +4.41% massive tax breaks to shut down American factories and ship jobs overseas,” he added.
Trump’s claim that the USMCA will create 100,000 auto jobs may be an exaggeration. A report by the U.S. International Trade Commission estimated USMCA would create 176,000 jobs in the U.S. overall, with 28,000 jobs in the auto sector. The U.S. Trade Representative’s office estimated that the agreement would create 76,000 new auto-sector jobs over the next five years, Politico reported .
The White House and the USTR both did not respond to a request for comment.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act that Trump signed in 2017 ensured that American companies with subsidiaries overseas would pay a lower tax rate, 10.5%, on income earned abroad compared with the top domestic corporate tax rate of 21%. This, critics contend, made it more economical for companies like GM to relocate facilities abroad.
After the Lordstown plant shut down, GM teamed up with a division of LG /zigman2/quotes/209966407/delayed KR:066570 +1.69% , LG Chemical /zigman2/quotes/207159357/delayed KR:051910 +3.67% , pledging $3.2 billion to build a new factory near Lordstown. The factory, which will produce batteries for electric cars, “will create more than 1,100 new jobs,” said GM spokeswoman Jeannine Ginivan. Since 2019, Ginivan added, the company has invested $4.2 billion in building and increasing the capacity of plants used to produce SUVs and pickup trucks across six states including Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee and Texas.
Currently, the average hourly GM worker earns about $90,000 a year, Ginivan said. The median U.S. annual household income is $63,179.
To highlight the reality of working in the field, Brown brought a former GM employee to the State of the Union. His guest, Dave Green, worked at the Lordstown plant that shut down last year.
Green moved to Indiana to work at another GM plant, but “at an immense cost to his family and livelihood,” Brown said in a statement ahead of the State of the Union. The Lordstown plant Green worked at closed largely due to weakening demand for sedans produced there.
“Plants get created to make a specific car [and] they shut them down often when consumers stop buying a certain type of car,” said Andrew Challenger, the vice president of Challenger, Gray and Christmas.
The United Auto Workers Union, which represents more than 400,000 workers, said that ‘40% or more’ of the workforce is employed by a temporary agency.
The United Auto Workers Union, which represents more than 400,000 workers, said in a report this week that “40% or more” of the workforce is employed by a temporary agency.
“Not only do employers fill many positions that were once good-paying jobs with temps, temporary workers have no voice on the job, don’t benefit from collective bargaining, have few or no rights at work and no job protection,” the report said. Auto workers, it claimed, are faring much worse under the current administration, even in light of USMCA.
“If there’s a savior of the auto industry, it would be [President] Obama,” said Lawrence Mishel, an economist at the Economic Policy Institute, a progressive think tank based in Washington, D.C. “Against the advice of advisers, he made sure [auto] factories didn’t shut down in the financial crisis and he saved many jobs across the Midwest.”
It’s perhaps more complicated than that. Former President George W. Bush, a Republican, initiated an $80 billion bailout of the auto industry, a move his Democratic successor Barack Obama supported.
Obama credited himself with saving the auto industry in his 2015 State of the Union address: “Our manufacturers have added almost 800,000 new jobs,” he said. “Some of our bedrock sectors, like our auto industry, are booming.”
The bailout saved more than 1.5 million jobs and preserved nearly $285 billion in personal income that would have been lost over two years, according to a 2013 report by the Center for Automotive Research , an independent nonprofit research organization based in Ann Arbor, Mich.
During the financial crisis in 2009, GM and Chrysler /zigman2/quotes/204248628/composite FCAU +3.69% both filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Their potential demise at that time could have resulted in nearly a million job losses, according to a report published by the Obama administration.
Mishel said that Trump, unlike Obama, hadn’t provided many details on how he plans to boost the auto industry. “I believe that rebuilding manufacturing is important but it’s a piece of the agenda,” he said. “It’s also about making sure that [the jobs] pay well.”