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April 18, 2022, 4:29 p.m. EDT

Dow, S&P 500 and Nasdaq end lower for 2nd straight session as investors brace for big earnings week

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By Vivien Lou Chen and William Watts

All three major stock indexes ended with small losses in a choppy trading session on Monday as earnings season prepared to move into full swing with rising uncertainty over the economic outlook.It was the second straight trading day of losses for Dow industrials, the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq Composite.

How did stocks trade?

  • The Dow Jones Industrial Average /zigman2/quotes/210598065/realtime DJIA +1.05% finished down 39.54 points, or 0.1%, at 34,411.69.

  • The S&P 500 /zigman2/quotes/210599714/realtime SPX +1.06% ended down by 0.9 of a point, or less than 0.1%, at 4,391.69.

  • The Nasdaq Composite /zigman2/quotes/210598365/realtime COMP +0.90% closed down by 18.72 points, or 0.1%, at 13,332.36.

The S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite each saw their second straight weeks of losses last week, down 2.1% and 2.6%, respectively, while the Dow fell 0.8% in a third-straight weekly drop. U.S. and European markets were closed for Good Friday, while major European bourses remained shut Monday.

See: Why consider the Dow transports when they point to a slowing economy? Because these 7 stocks are cheap

What drove the markets?

Investors remain concerned about rising inflation and how that may weigh on the economy, as the Federal Reserve struggles to keep a lid on rising prices. Goldman Sachs’s chief economist Jan Hatzius and his team predicted the U.S. economy faces a 35% chance of recession in the next two years , and 15% over the next year.

“The main challenge for the Fed will be to reduce the jobs-workers gap and slow wage growth to a pace consistent with its inflation goal by tightening financial conditions enough to reduce job openings without sharply raising unemployment,” Hatzius and others wrote in a note released Sunday. They added that “history suggests this may be challenging.”

Treasury yields have marched higher in response to surging inflation, with the 10-year rate /zigman2/quotes/211347051/realtime BX:TMUBMUSD10Y -2.56% rising to 2.86% on Monday for the first time since Dec. 14, 2018. Yields and debt prices move opposite each other.

The rise in yields has been a headwind for tech and other growth shares whose often lofty valuations are based on earnings and cash flow far in the futures. A higher rate on risk-free Treasurys reduces the present value of those future flows.

“What we know now is that the rise in U.S. Treasury yields is harming risk and we can see it in most asset classes including tech stocks, consumer cyclicals, and even digital currencies and NFTs,” said Hussein Sayed, chief market strategist at Exinity, in a note. “Such tough times may bring long term opportunities as valuations come down to earth, however we’re still far away from cheap valuations when it comes to growth stocks.”

Meanwhile, defensive sectors that tend to outperform the market in such times — utilities, consumer staples and health care — are all posting solid gains for the month. “So, if an investor is in the recession camp, these are the sectors that they are likely to be overweight in,” Sayed wrote.

Read: Recession fears and the stock market — is it too late to play defense?

The National Association of Home Builders said its monthly confidence index fell two points from the previous month to a reading of 77 in April and remains at the lowest level since September.

China’s economy expanded 4.8% annually in the first quarter, which beat expectations. That still puts the country behind scheduled to reach an official target of 5.5% growth this year, with fresh COVID outbreaks not helping.

/zigman2/quotes/210598065/realtime
US : Dow Jones Global
31,097.26
+321.83 +1.05%
Volume: 310.44M
July 1, 2022 4:20p
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/zigman2/quotes/210599714/realtime
US : S&P US
3,825.33
+39.95 +1.06%
Volume: 2.18B
July 1, 2022 4:20p
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/zigman2/quotes/210598365/realtime
US : Nasdaq
11,127.85
+99.11 +0.90%
Volume: 4.11M
July 1, 2022 4:30p
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/zigman2/quotes/211347051/realtime
add Add to watchlist BX:TMUBMUSD10Y
BX : Tullett Prebon
2.89
-0.08 -2.56%
Volume: 0.00
July 1, 2022 1:57p
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