(EDGAR Online via COMTEX) -- Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes thereto and the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 30, 2021. Some of the information included in this discussion and analysis or set forth elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including information with respect to our plans and strategy for our business, includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. You should review the "Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements" section in this Quarterly Report and the "Summary Risk Factors" and "Risk Factors" sections of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 30, 2021 for a discussion of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results described in or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in the following discussion and analysis.
Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to January 31 and refers to the year in which the period ends (e.g., fiscal 2022 refers to the year ending January 29, 2022). Fiscal years consist of 52 weeks, unless noted otherwise. The fiscal quarters ended October 30, 2021 and October 31, 2020 were both comprised of 13 weeks. The year-to-date periods ended October 30, 2021 and October 31, 2020 were both comprised of 39 weeks.
JOANN is the nation's category leader in Sewing and one of the fastest growing competitors in the arts and crafts category. We are well-positioned in the marketplace and have multiple competitive advantages, including a broad assortment, established omni-channel platform, multi-faceted digital interface with customers and skilled and knowledgeable team members. As a well-established and trusted brand for over 75 years, we believe we have a deep understanding of our customers, what inspires their creativity and what fuels their incredibly diverse projects. Since 2016, we have embarked on a strategy to transform JOANN, which has helped us pivot from a traditional retailer to a fully-integrated, digitally-connected provider of Creative Products.
Highlights for the Thirteen Weeks Ended October 30, 2021
Effects of COVID-19 on Our Business
We continue to closely monitor the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on all facets of our business. We have taken actions to protect the safety of our team members and customers and to manage the business through the resulting fluid and challenging environment. Our steps to manage operation of our supply chain and locations during the pandemic have added costs to our business, some of which are non-recurring in nature, including incremental labor hours and supplies to maintain sanitation and social distancing protocols. These precautions may change from time to time as local conditions and applicable health mandates change, and therefore, it is possible we may be required to temporarily close locations or limit our operations. As of October 30, 2021, we operated 852 locations in 49 states and all locations were open and fully operational.
As the circumstances around the COVID-19 pandemic remain fluid, we continue to actively monitor the pandemic's impact on the Company, including our financial position, liquidity, results of operations and cash flows, while managing our response to the crisis through collaboration with team members, customers, suppliers, government authorities, health officials and other business partners. Please see Part 1, Item 1A. "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 30, 2021 for further information regarding the risks associated with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business.
Total Comparable Sales
Total comparable sales are an important measure throughout the retail industry. This measure allows us to evaluate how our location base and e-commerce business are performing by measuring the change in period-over-period net sales in locations that have been open for the applicable period. We define total comparable sales as net sales for locations that have been open for at least 13 months and have not been relocated, expanded or downsized in the last 13 months. In addition, total comparable sales include our e-commerce sales generated via joann.com (online sales for all products) and creativebug.com (online sales of digital videos for crafting projects). There may be variations in the way in which some of our competitors and other retailers calculate comparable sales. As a result, data in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q regarding our total comparable sales may not be comparable to similar data made available by other retailers.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
We present Adjusted EBITDA, which is not a recognized financial measure under GAAP, because we believe it assists investors and analysts in comparing our operating performance across reporting periods on a consistent basis by excluding items that we do not believe are indicative of our core operating performance. Management believes Adjusted EBITDA is helpful in highlighting trends in our core operating performance compared to other measures, which can differ significantly depending on long-term strategic decisions regarding capital structure, the tax jurisdictions in which companies operate and capital investments. We also use Adjusted EBITDA in connection with establishing discretionary annual incentive compensation; supplementing GAAP measures of performance in the evaluation of the effectiveness of our business strategies; making budgeting decisions; comparing our performance against that of other peer companies using similar measures; and because our credit facilities use measures similar to Adjusted EBITDA to measure our compliance with certain covenants.
We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income plus income tax provision, interest expense, net, debt related (gain) loss, sale leaseback gains and depreciation and amortization, as further adjusted to eliminate the impact of certain non-cash items and other items that we do not consider indicative of our ongoing operating performance, including costs related to strategic initiatives, COVID-19 costs, excess import freight costs, technology development expense, stock-based compensation expense, loss on disposal and impairment of fixed and operating lease assets, sponsor management fees and other one-time costs. The further adjustments are itemized in the table below.
Adjusted EBITDA has its limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations include:
We compensate for these limitations by relying primarily on our GAAP results and using Adjusted EBITDA only as supplemental information.
The following is a reconciliation of our net income to Adjusted EBITDA for the periods presented:
Thirteen Weeks Ended Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended October 30, October 31, October 30, October 31, (In millions) 2021 2020 2021 2020 Net income $ 22.8 $ 47.7 $ 43.1 $ 174.0 Income tax provision 7.0 3.0 12.3 17.6 Interest expense, net 11.8 14.0 39.8 55.0 Debt related (gain) loss (1) - (3.0 ) 3.0 (152.9 ) Gain on sale leaseback (2) - - (24.5 ) - Depreciation and amortization (3) 19.8 20.6 60.6 60.2 Strategic initiatives (4) 0.6 1.7 1.4 4.1 Excess import freight costs (5) 11.3 - 11.3 - COVID-19 costs (6) - 16.6 1.3 48.4 Technology development expense (7) 2.6 1.2 6.2 3.6 Stock-based compensation expense 0.8 0.3 2.1 1.1 (Gain) loss on disposal and impairment of fixed and operating lease assets (0.1 ) (0.2 ) (0.1 ) 3.6 Sponsor management fee (8) - - 0.4 0.8 Other (9) (4.0 ) 0.5 (3.3 ) 1.7 Adjusted EBITDA $ 72.6 $ 102.4 $ 153.6 $ 217.2
Results of Operations
The following tables summarize key components of our results of operations for the periods indicated. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes.
Dec 03, 2021
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