(EDGAR Online via COMTEX) -- ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
References in this report (the "Quarterly Report") to "we," "us" or the "Company" refer to Tuscan Holdings Corp. References to our "management" or our "management team" refer to our officers and directors, references to the "Sponsor" refer to Tuscan Holdings Acquisition LLC. The following discussion and analysis of the Company's financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. Certain information contained in the discussion and analysis set forth below includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties.
Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Exchange Act that are not historical facts and involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected and projected. All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this Form 10-Q including, without limitation, statements in this "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" regarding the Company's financial position, business strategy and the plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. Words such as "expect," "believe," "anticipate," "intend," "estimate," "seek" and variations and similar words and expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements relate to future events or future performance, but reflect management's current beliefs, based on information currently available. A number of factors could cause actual events, performance or results to differ materially from the events, performance and results discussed in the forward-looking statements. For information identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements, please refer to the Risk Factors section of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K/A filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") on June 1, 2021. The Company's securities filings can be accessed on the EDGAR section of the SEC's website at www.sec.gov . Except as expressly required by applicable securities law, the Company disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
We are a blank check company incorporated on November 5, 2018 as a Delaware corporation and formed for the purpose of entering into a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, recapitalization, reorganization or similar Business Combination with one or more businesses or entities. We intend to effectuate our initial Business Combination using cash from the proceeds of the Initial Public Offering and the sale of the Private Units, our capital stock, debt or a combination of cash, stock and debt.
Our entire activity since inception relates to our formation, to prepare for our Initial Public Offering, which was consummated on March 7, 2019, and identifying a company for a Business Combination.
Microvast Business Combination
On February 1, 2021, we entered into the Merger Agreement with Microvast and Merger Sub. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, Merger Sub will merge with and into Microvast and Microvast will survive the merger and become our wholly owned subsidiary. Under the Merger Agreement, all of the equity interests of Microvast will be converted into an aggregate of 210,000,000 shares of common stock. The Microvast shareholders and the investors in Microvast's majority-owned subsidiary, MPS, will also have the ability to earn an additional 20,000,000 shares of common stock if the daily volume weighted average price of the common stock is greater than or equal to $18.00 for any 20 trading days within a 30 trading day period (or a change of control occurs that results in the holders of common stock receiving a per share price equal to or in excess of $18.00), during the period commencing on the closing date and ending on the third anniversary of the closing date. Concurrently with the execution of the Merger Agreement, we and Microvast will jointly acquire 100% ownership of MPS and will discharge certain convertible loans of MPS.
Additionally, the Merger Agreement provides that we will issue an aggregate of 6,736,111 shares of common stock in connection with the Bridge Note Conversion.
Further, on February 1, 2021, we, the Sponsor, Microvast and certain of our stockholders entered into the Sponsor Support Agreement, pursuant to which the Sponsor Group agreed, among other things, to vote all equity interests of the Company held by such member of the Sponsor Group in favor of the approval and adoption of the proposed business combination with Microvast. Additionally, such members of the Sponsor Group have agreed not to (a) transfer any of their equity interests in the Company (or enter into any arrangement with respect thereto) other than as set forth therein or (b) exercise any conversion rights of any equity interests held by such member of the Sponsor Group in connection with the approval of the proposed business combination.
The Sponsor also agreed that, to the extent that certain of our expenses are in excess of $46,000,000 (unless such expenses shall have been approved by Microvast), the Sponsor will either (i) pay any such excess amount in cash or
Contemporaneously with the execution of the Merger Agreement, certain investors entered into Subscription Agreements pursuant to which such investors subscribed for an aggregate value of $482,500,000, representing 48,250,000 shares of our common stock at a purchase price of $10.00 per share in a private placement to be consummated immediately prior to the consummation of the Transactions. Affiliates of InterPrivate, our co-sponsor, subscribed to purchase 6.5 million shares in the PIPE Financing for an aggregate purchase price of $65 million.
On December 3, 2020, we received stockholder approval to extend the date by which it must complete an initial business combination from December 7, 2020 to April 30, 2021. In connection with such extension, holders of 3,198 Public Shares exercised their right to convert their shares into cash at a conversion price of approximately $10.22 per share, for an aggregate conversion amount of approximately $32,684. Additionally, on May 10, 2021, at a reconvened annual meeting of stockholders initially convened on April 28, 2021, we received stockholder approval to further extend the date by which we are required to complete a business combination from April 30, 2021 to July 31, 2021. In connection with such extension, holders of an aggregate of 13,290 Public Shares exercised their right to redeem their shares for cash.
On February 12, 2021, we issued an unsecured promissory note to the Sponsor in the aggregate amount of $1,200,000. The Convertible Promissory Notes are non-interest bearing and payable upon the consummation of a Business Combination. The Convertible Promissory Notes are convertible, at the lender's option, into units of the post Business Combination entity at a price of $10.00 per unit. The units would be identical to the Private Units. If a Business Combination is not consummated, the Convertible Promissory Notes will not be repaid by the Company and all amounts owed thereunder by the Company will be forgiven except to the extent that the Company has funds available to it outside of its Trust Account.
On January 6, 2021, we received a notice from the Listing Qualifications Department of The Nasdaq Stock Market stating that we failed to hold an Annual Meeting of stockholders within 12 months after our fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, as required by Nasdaq Listing Rule 5620(a). In accordance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5810(c)(2)(G), we submitted a plan to regain compliance on February 4, 2021. Nasdaq accepted our plan and granted us an extension through June 29, 2021 to hold an annual meeting. Nasdaq's decision is subject to certain conditions, including that we provide periodic updates with respect to our proposed business combination with Microvast. On April 28, 2021, we held an annual meeting of stockholders, in compliance with our plan.
On May 28, 2021, the Company received a notice from the Listing Qualifications Department of The Nasdaq Stock Market stating that because we failed to timely file our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, we were not in compliance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5250(c)(1). This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q constitutes such filing and, accordingly, as of the date of this filing we should regain compliance with the listing rule.
Results of Operations
Our only activities through March 31, 2021 were organizational activities, those necessary to consummate the Initial Public Offering, described below, searching for a target company for a Business Combination, and activities in connection with the proposed acquisition of Microvast. We do not expect to generate any operating revenues until after the completion of our Business Combination. We generate non-operating income in the form of interest income on marketable securities held in the Trust Account. We incur expenses as a result of being a public company (for legal, financial reporting, accounting and auditing compliance), as well as for due diligence expenses.
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, we had a net loss of $48,825, which consisted of operating costs of $890,929 and a change in the fair value of convertible promissory notes of $356,000, offset by a change in fair value of warrants of $1,140,240, interest income of $35,796 and an unrealized gain of $420.
For the three months ended March 31, 2020, we had a net income of $1,903,455, which consisted of change in fair value of warrants of $137,400, interest income of $1,027,157 and unrealized gains of $1,438,240, offset by operating costs of $228,749 and a provision for income taxes of $470,593.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
On March 7, 2019, we consummated our Initial Public Offering of 24,000,000 Units, at a price of $10.00 per Unit, generating gross proceeds of $240,000,000. Simultaneously with the closing of the Initial Public Offering, we consummated the sale of 615,000 Private Units to our Sponsor and EarlyBirdCapital and its designee, generating gross proceeds of $6,150,000.
On March 12, 2019, in connection with the underwriters' exercise of their over-allotment option in full, we consummated the sale of an additional 3,600,000 Units at a price of $10.00 per Unit, generating total gross proceeds of $36,000,000. In addition, we also consummated the sale of an additional 72,000 Private Units to our Sponsor and EarlyBirdCapital and its designee at $10.00 per Private Unit, generating total gross proceeds of $720,000.
Following the Initial Public Offering, the exercise of the over-allotment option and the sale of the Private Units, a total of $276,000,000 was placed in the Trust Account. We incurred $6,059,098 in Initial Public Offering related costs, including $5,520,000 of underwriting fees, and $539,098 of other costs.
As of March 31, 2021, we had marketable securities held in the Trust Account of $282,291,194 (including approximately $6,300,000 of interest income and unrealized gains) consisting of U.S. treasury bills with a maturity of 180 days or less. Interest income on the balance in the Trust Account may be used by us to pay taxes. Through March 31, 2021, we withdrew approximately $1,417,000 of interest earned on the Trust Account to pay our franchise and income tax obligations, of which no amounts were withdrawn during the three months ended Mar h 31, 2021.
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, cash used in operating activities was $569,686. Net loss of $48,825 was affected by change in fair value of warrants of $1,140,420, interest earned on marketable securities held in Trust Account of $35,796, unrealized gain on marketable securities held in Trust Account of $420 and a change in the fair value of convertible promissory notes of $356,000. Changes in operating assets and liabilities provided $321,243 of cash from operating activities.
For the three months ended March 31, 2020, cash used in operating activities was $109,922. Net income of $1,903,455 was affected by change in fair value of warrants of $137,400, interest earned on marketable securities held in Trust Account $1,027,157, unrealized gain on marketable securities held in Trust Account of $1,438,240, and deferred income tax provision of $274,962. Changes in operating assets and liabilities provided $314,458 of cash from operating activities.
We intend to use substantially all of the funds held in the Trust Account, to acquire a target business and to pay our expenses relating thereto, including a fee payable to EarlyBirdCapital, upon consummation of our initial Business Combination for assisting us in connection with our initial Business Combination. To the extent that our capital stock is used in whole or in part as consideration to effect a Business Combination, the remaining funds held in the Trust Account will be used as working capital to finance the operations of the target business. Such working capital funds could be used in a variety of ways including continuing or expanding the target business' operations, for strategic acquisitions and for marketing, research and development of existing or new products. Such funds could also be used to repay any operating expenses or finders' fees which we had incurred prior to the completion of our Business Combination if the funds available to us outside of the Trust Account were insufficient to cover such expenses.
As of March 31, 2021, we had cash of $44,096. We intend to use the funds held outside the Trust Account for identifying and evaluating prospective acquisition candidates, performing business due diligence on prospective target businesses, traveling to and from the offices, plants or similar locations of prospective target businesses, reviewing corporate documents and material agreements of prospective target businesses, selecting the target business to acquire and structuring, negotiating and consummating the Business Combination.
On April 21, 2020, the Company issued an unsecured promissory note to the Sponsor in the aggregate amount of $300,000 (the "Note"), of which $200,000 was drawn upon on such date. On February 12, 2021, the Company issued an unsecured promissory note to the Sponsor in the aggregate amount of $1,200,000 (together, with the Note, the "Convertible Promissory Notes"). The Convertible Promissory Notes are non-interest bearing and payable upon the consummation of a Business Combination. The Convertible Promissory Notes are convertible, at the lender's option, into units of the post Business Combination entity at a price of $10.00 per unit. The units would be identical to the Private Units. If a Business Combination is not consummated, the Convertible Promissory Notes will not be repaid by the Company and all amounts owed thereunder by the Company will be forgiven except to the extent that the Company has funds available to it outside of its Trust Account.
In order to fund working capital deficiencies or finance transaction costs in connection with a Business Combination, the Sponsor or our officers and directors or their affiliates may, but are not obligated to, loan us funds on a non-interest basis as may be required, except as described above. If we complete our initial Business Combination, we will repay such loaned amounts. In the event that our initial Business Combination does not close, we may use a portion of the working capital held outside the Trust Account to repay such loaned amounts but no proceeds from our Trust Account would be used for such repayment. Up to $1,500,000 of notes may be convertible into Private Units, at a price of $10.00 per unit. The units would be identical to the Private Units.
As described above, our Sponsor committed to loan us a total of $1.5 million (inclusive of amounts currently outstanding). We will need to raise additional capital through loans or additional investments from our Sponsor, stockholders, officers, directors, or third parties. Other than the $1.5 million loan (inclusive of amounts currently outstanding) committed to us by our Sponsor, our Sponsor, officers, directors, or their affiliates may, but are not obligated to, loan us funds, from time to time or at any time, in whatever amount they deem reasonable in their sole discretion, to meet our working capital needs. Accordingly, we may not be able to obtain additional financing. If we are unable to raise such additional capital, we may be required to take additional measures to conserve liquidity, which could include, but not necessarily be limited to, curtailing operations, suspending the pursuit of a potential transaction, and reducing overhead expenses. We cannot provide any assurance that new financing will be available to us on commercially acceptable terms, if at all. These conditions raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern through July 31, 2021, the date that we will be required to cease all operations, except for the purpose of winding up, if a business combination is not consummated. The financial statements included in this Form 10-Q do not include any adjustments relating to the recovery of the recorded assets or the classification of the liabilities that might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern.
Off-Balance Sheet Financing Arrangements
We did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as of March 31, 2021.
We do not have any long-term debt, capital lease obligations, operating lease obligations or long-term liabilities other than an agreement to pay an affiliate of our Sponsor a monthly fee of $10,000 for office space, utilities and secretarial and administrative support. We began incurring these fees on March 5, 2019 and will continue to incur these fees monthly until the earlier of the completion of the Business Combination and our liquidation.
We have engaged EarlyBirdCapital and Morgan Stanley to provide financial advisory services in connection with our initial business combination, for which such firms will receive fees upon consummation of the transaction with Microvast, as described in more detail in Note 6 to the financial statements. We also engaged Morgan Stanley as placement agent in connection with the PIPE Financing, for which such firm will receive a fee as described in more detail in Note 6 to the financial statements.
Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of condensed financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and income and expenses during the periods reported. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. We have identified the following critical accounting policies:
We account for warrants in accordance with the guidance contained in ASC 815-40 under which the warrants do not meet the criteria for equity treatment and must be recorded as liabilities. As the Private Warrants meet the definition of a derivative as contemplated in ASC 815, we classify the Private Warrants as liabilities at their fair value and adjusts the Private Warrants to fair value at each reporting period. This liability is subject to re-measurement at each balance sheet date until exercised, and any change in fair value is recognized in our statement of operations. The Private Warrants for periods where no observable traded price was available were valued using a binomial lattice model.
Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption
We account for common stock subject to possible redemption in accordance with the guidance in Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 480 "Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity." Common stock subject to mandatory redemption is classified as a liability instrument and is measured at fair value. Conditionally redeemable common stock (including common stock that feature redemption rights that is either within the control of the holder or subject to redemption upon the occurrence of uncertain events not solely within our control) is classified as temporary equity. At all other times, common stock is classified as stockholders' equity. Our common stock features certain redemption rights that are considered to be outside of our control and subject to occurrence of uncertain future events. Accordingly, common stock subject to possible redemption is presented at redemption value as temporary equity, outside of the stockholders' equity section of our condensed balance sheets.
Net Loss Per Common Share
We apply the two-class method in calculating earnings per share. Net income
Recent Accounting Standards
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, "Debt-Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging-Contracts in Entity's Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity's Own Equity" ("ASU 2020-06"), which simplifies accounting for convertible instruments by removing major separation models required under current GAAP. ASU 2020-06 removes certain settlement conditions that are required for equity contracts to qualify for the derivative scope exception and it also simplifies the diluted earnings per share calculation in certain areas. ASU 2020-06 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. We adopted ASU 2020-06 effective as of January 1, 2021. The adoption of ASU 2020-06 did not have an impact on our financial statements.
Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting standards, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on our condensed financial statements.
Jun 02, 2021
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