(EDGAR Online via COMTEX) -- ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
References in this report (the "Quarterly Report") to "we," "us" or the "Company" refer to Tuscan Holdings Corp. II. References to our "management" or our "management team" refer to our officers and directors, and references to the "Sponsor" refer to Tuscan Holdings Acquisition II LLC. The following discussion and analysis of the Company's financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. Certain information contained in the discussion and analysis set forth below includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties.
Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Exchange Act that are not historical facts and involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected and projected. All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this Form 10-Q including, without limitation, statements in this "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" regarding the Company's financial position, business strategy and the plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. Words such as "expect," "believe," "anticipate," "intend," "estimate," "seek" and variations and similar words and expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements relate to future events or future performance, but reflect management's current beliefs, based on information currently available. A number of factors could cause actual events, performance or results to differ materially from the events, performance and results discussed in the forward-looking statements. For information identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements, please refer to the Risk Factors section of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). The Company's securities filings can be accessed on the EDGAR section of the SEC's website at www.sec.gov . Except as expressly required by applicable securities law, the Company disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
We are a blank check company formed under the laws of the State of Delaware on March 5, 2019 for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or other similar Business Combination with one or more businesses. We intend to effectuate our Business Combination using cash from the proceeds of the Initial Public Offering and the sale of the Private Securities, our capital stock, debt or a combination of cash, stock and debt.
All activity through September 30, 2020 relates to our formation, our Initial Public Offering, which was consummated on June16, 2019, and searching for a target company for a Business Combination.
Results of Operations
We have neither engaged in any operations nor generated any revenues to date. Our only activities from March 5, 2019 (inception) through September 30, 2020 were organizational activities, those necessary to prepare for the Initial Public Offering, described below, and, after our Initial Public Offering, identifying a target company for a Business Combination. We do not expect to generate any operating revenues until after the completion of our Business Combination. We generate non-operating income in the form of interest income on marketable securities held after the Initial Public Offering. We incur expenses as a result of being a public company (for legal, financial reporting, accounting and auditing compliance), as well as for due diligence expenses.
For the three months ended September 30, 2020, we had a net loss of $103,021, which consisted of operating costs of $197,092 and an unrealized loss on marketable securities held in the Trust Account of $2,578, offset by interest income on marketable securities held in the Trust Account of $69,264 and income tax benefit of $27,385.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we had net income of $677,406, which consisted of interest income on marketable securities held in the Trust Account of $1,338,785 and an unrealized gain on marketable securities held in the Trust Account of $11,455, offset by operating costs of $492,764 and a provision for income taxes of $180,070.
For the three months ended September 30, 2019, we had net income of $501,889, which consisted of interest income on marketable securities held in the trust account of $696,010 and an unrealized gain on marketable securities held in the trust account of $69,460, offset by operating costs of $130,265 and provision for income taxes of $133,316.
For the period from March 5, 2019 (inception) through September 30, 2019, we had net income of $501,518, which consisted of interest income on marketable securities held in the Trust Account of $696,010 and an unrealized gain on marketable securities held in the Trust Account of $69,460, offset by operating costs of $130,636 and provision for income taxes of $133,316.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
On July 16, 2019, we consummated the Initial Public Offering of 15,000,000 Units at a price of $10.00 per Unit, generating gross proceeds of $150,000,000. Simultaneously with the closing of the Initial Public Offering, we consummated the sale of 215,000 Private Units at a price of $10.00 per Private Unit and the sale of 2,150,000 Private Warrants at a price of $1.00 per Private Warrant in a private placement to the Sponsor and EarlyBirdCapital and its designee, generating gross proceeds of $4,300,000.
On July 18, 2019, the underwriters exercised their over-allotment option in full, resulting in an additional 2,250,000 Units issued on July 19, 2019 for $22,500,000, less the underwriters' discount of $450,000. In connection with the underwriters' exercise of their over-allotment option, the Company also consummated the sale of an additional 22,500 Private Units at $10.00 per Private Unit and the sale of an additional 225,000 Private Warrants at $1.00 per Private Warrant, generating total proceeds of $450,000. A total of $22,500,000 was deposited into the Trust Account.
Following the Initial Public Offering, the exercise of the over-allotment option and the sale of the Private Securities, a total of $172,500,000 was placed in the Trust Account. We incurred $3,954,190 in transaction costs, including $3,450,000 of underwriting fees, and $504,190 of other offering costs.
As of September 30, 2020, we had marketable securities held in the Trust Account of $174,768,191 (including approximately $2,268,000 of interest income and unrealized gains) consisting of U.S. treasury bills with a maturity of 180 days or less. Interest income on the balance in the Trust Account may be used by us to pay taxes. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we withdrew $406,313 of interest income from the Trust Account, of which $250,000 was withdrawn for working capital purposes and $156,313 was withdrawn to pay our franchise taxes.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, cash used in operating activities was $466,059. Net income of $677,406 was affected by interest earned on marketable securities held in the Trust Account of $1,338,785, an unrealized gain on marketable securities held in our Trust Account of $11,455 and a deferred tax benefit of $5,276. Changes in operating assets and liabilities provided $212,051 of cash from operating activities.
For the period from March 5, 2019 (inception) through September 30, 2019, cash used in operating activities was $188,880. Net income of $501,518 was affected by interest earned on marketable securities held in the trust account of $696,010, an unrealized gain on marketable securities held in our trust account of $69,460 and a deferred income tax provision of $14,587. Changes in operating assets and liabilities provided $60,485 of cash from operating activities.
We intend to use substantially all of the funds held in the Trust Account, to acquire a target business and to pay our expenses relating thereto, including a fee payable to EarlyBirdCapital, upon consummation of our initial Business Combination for assisting us in connection with our initial Business Combination. To the extent that our capital stock is used in whole or in part as consideration to effect a Business Combination, the remaining funds held in the Trust Account will be used as working capital to finance the operations of the target business. Such working capital funds could be used in a variety of ways including continuing or expanding the target business' operations, for strategic acquisitions and for marketing, research and development of existing or new products. Such funds could also be used to repay any operating expenses or finders' fees which we had incurred prior to the completion of our Business Combination if the funds available to us outside of the Trust Account were insufficient to cover such expenses.
As of September 30, 2020, we had cash of $359,557. We intend to use the funds held outside the Trust Account for identifying and evaluating prospective acquisition candidates, performing business due diligence on prospective target businesses, traveling to and from the offices, plants or similar locations of prospective target businesses, reviewing corporate documents and material agreements of prospective target businesses, selecting the target business to acquire and structuring, negotiating and consummating the Business Combination.
In order to fund working capital deficiencies or finance transaction costs in connection with a Business Combination, the Insiders, or certain of our officers and directors or their affiliates may, but are not obligated to, loan us funds as may be required. If we complete a Business Combination, we would repay such loaned amounts. In the event that a Business Combination does not close, we may use a portion of the working capital held outside the Trust Account to repay such loaned amounts but no proceeds from our Trust Account would be used for such repayment. Up to $750,000 of such loans may be convertible into units and up to $750,000 of such loans may be convertible into warrants identical to the Private Units and Private Warrants, at a price of $10.00 per unit and $1.00 per warrant at the option of the lender, respectively.
We do not believe we will need to raise additional funds in order to meet the expenditures required for operating our business. However, if our estimate of the costs of identifying a target business, undertaking in-depth due diligence and negotiating a Business Combination are less than the actual amount necessary to do so, we may have insufficient funds available to operate our business prior to our Business Combination. Moreover, we may need to obtain additional financing either to complete our Business Combination or because we become obligated to redeem a significant number of our Public Shares upon consummation of our Business Combination, in which case we may issue additional securities or incur debt in connection with such Business Combination. Subject to compliance with applicable securities laws, we would only complete such financing simultaneously with the completion of our Business Combination. If we are unable to complete our Business Combination because we do not have sufficient funds available to us, we will be forced to cease operations and liquidate the Trust Account. In addition, following our Business Combination, if cash on hand is insufficient, we may need to obtain additional financing in order to meet our obligations.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as of September 30, 2020.
We do not have any long-term debt, capital lease obligations, operating lease obligations or long-term liabilities other than an agreement to pay an affiliate of our Sponsor a monthly fee of $10,000 for office space, utilities and secretarial and administrative support. We began incurring these fees on July 11, 2019 and will continue to incur these fees monthly until the earlier of the completion of the Business Combination and our liquidation.
We have engaged EarlyBirdCapital as an advisor in connection with a Business Combination to assist us in holding meetings with our shareholders to discuss the potential Business Combination and the target business' attributes, introduce us to potential investors that are interested in purchasing our securities in connection with a Business Combination, assist us in obtaining shareholder approval for the Business Combination and assist us with our press releases and public filings in connection with the Business Combination. We will pay EarlyBirdCapital a cash fee for such services upon the consummation of a Business Combination in an amount equal to $6,037,500 (exclusive of any applicable finders' fees which might become payable); provided that up to 30% of the fee may be allocated at our sole discretion to other FINRA members that assist us in identifying and consummating a Business Combination.
Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of condensed financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and income and expenses during the periods reported. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. We have identified the following critical accounting policies:
Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption
We account for common stock subject to possible redemption in accordance with the guidance in Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 480 "Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity." Common stock subject to mandatory redemption is classified as a liability instrument and is measured at fair value. Conditionally redeemable common stock (including common stock that feature redemption rights that is either within the control of the holder or subject to redemption upon the occurrence of uncertain events not solely within our control) is classified as temporary equity. At all other times, common stock is classified as stockholders' equity. Our common stock features certain redemption rights that are considered to be outside of our control and subject to occurrence of uncertain future events. Accordingly, common stock subject to possible redemption is presented at redemption value as temporary equity, outside of the stockholders' equity section of our condensed balance sheets.
Net Loss Per Common Share
We apply the two-class method in calculating earnings per share. Common stock subject to possible redemption which is not currently redeemable and is not redeemable at fair value, have been excluded from the calculation of basic net loss per common share since such shares, if redeemed, only participate in their pro rata share of the Trust Account earnings. Our net income is adjusted for the portion of income that is attributable to common stock subject to possible redemption, as these shares only participate in the earnings of the Trust Account and not our income or losses.
Recent Accounting Standards
Management does not believe that any recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting standards, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on our condensed financial statements.
Nov 13, 2020
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