press release

March 2, 2022, 4:06 p.m. EST

Coupang Announces Fourth Quarter Revenue Growth of 34% and Constant Currency Revenue Growth of 39%

SEOUL, South Korea, (BUSINESS WIRE) -- Coupang, Inc. /zigman2/quotes/225253473/composite CPNG +3.61% today announced financial results for its fourth quarter ended December 31, 2021.

“Our revenues are nearly three times what they were two years ago. Even at this scale, the spend of every single annual cohort—even our oldest from 2010—grew roughly 30% or more in 2021. This shows that we’re still far from our full potential,” said Bom Kim, Coupang founder and CEO. “It’s a testament to the groundbreaking customer experience we’ve pioneered over the years, from Dawn Delivery and Effortless Returns to Coupang Play. We’re excited to continue delivering innovations that customers find indispensable in their lives.”

“Following two years of record growth and expansion, we entered 2022 focused on driving efficiencies and improving operating leverage. These efforts are already paying off with Q1 gross margin on track to improve by over 250 basis points and expected to reach its highest level since COVID began,” added Coupang’s CFO, Gaurav Anand. “Top-line momentum also remains strong with constant-currency revenue growth in the low-30% range so far in Q1. We’re off to a strong start in 2022 and well positioned to build on this momentum as the year progresses.”

Operational Highlights

  • Active customers increased 21% year-over-year (YoY), exceeding 20% YoY growth for the 16th straight quarter.

  • Paid WOW members approached 9 million customers at the end of 2021.

  • Spend grew approximately 30% or more in 2021 for every annual customer cohort dating back to our oldest in 2010.

  • Coupang added 15 million square feet of infrastructure in 2021, more than the infrastructure added in the preceding two years combined.

Fourth Quarter 2021 Financial Metrics

  • Total net revenues increased 34% YoY to $5.1 billion.

  • Constant currency revenue growth was 39%, more than double the growth rate of the Korean e-commerce segment.

  • Gross profit of $806 million, up 24% YoY from Q4 2020.

  • Net loss of $405 million, compared to net loss of $83 million in Q4 2020.

  • Adjusted EBITDA loss of $285 million, compared to $82 million in Q4 2020.

  • Q4 Net loss and adjusted EBITDA included approximately $130 million in incremental costs primarily related to heightened COVID-19 conditions in Korea.

Fourth Quarter 2021 Results

  Three Months Ended December 31,    
(in thousands, except net revenues per Active Customer) 2021   2020   % Change
Total net revenues $ 5,076,693     $ 3,803,493     34%
Total net revenues growth, constant currency [(1)]         39%
Active Customers   17,936       14,850     21%
Total net revenues per Active Customer $ 283     $ 256     11%
Gross profit $ 805,601     $ 649,252     24%
Net loss $ (404,979 )   $ (82,755 )   NM [(3)]
Adjusted EBITDA [(1)] $ (285,089 )   $ (81,620 )   NM [(3)]

Full Year 2021 Results

  Year Ended December 31,    
(in thousands) 2021   2020   % Change
Total net revenues $ 18,406,372     $ 11,967,339     54%
Total net revenues growth, constant currency [(1)]         49%
Gross profit [(2)] $ 2,951,128     $ 1,986,237     49%
Net loss [(4)] $ (1,542,590 )   $ (463,157 )   NM [(3)]
Adjusted EBITDA [(1)] $ (747,636 )   $ (357,144 )   109%
_______________
(1) Total net revenues growth, constant currency and adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP measures. See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” and “Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Measures” below for the reconciliation of the Non-GAAP measures with their comparable amounts prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).
(2) Gross profit is calculated as total net revenues minus cost of sales, and for the year ended December 31, 2021 includes $158 million related to inventory losses from the FC Fire.
(3) Non-meaningful.
(4) Net loss for the year ended December 31, 2021 includes $296 million in losses recognized during the second quarter of 2021 related to the FC Fire.

FC Fire : On June 17, 2021, a fire damaged one of the Company’s fulfillment centers in Deokpyeong, Icheon resulting in a loss to the property and equipment and inventory stored at the site. In the second quarter of 2021 and for full year 2021, inventory losses from the FC Fire of $158 million are recognized in “Cost of sales” and property and equipment losses of $127 million and other losses of $11 million are included in “Operating, general and administrative.” The Company is insured on property losses from the FC Fire; however, no insurance recoveries have been recognized. To the extent insurance proceeds are recovered for these losses, they will be recognized as a benefit in the future.

Updated Financial Reporting Structure

Starting in the first quarter of 2022, Coupang will implement a new financial reporting structure with two reportable segments:

  • Product Commerce : Product Commerce includes Coupang’s Core offering (retail and marketplace) and Rocket Fresh, Coupang’s fresh grocery offering, as well as advertising products associated with these offerings.

  • Growth Initiatives : Growth initiatives include Coupang’s more nascent offerings and services, including Coupang Eats, Coupang Play, international and fintech initiatives.

Full Year 2022 Financial Guidance

  • Total Adjusted EBITDA loss of less than ($400) million.

  • Product Commerce segment Adjusted EBITDA profitable by the fourth quarter of 2022 compared to a (2.6)% Adjusted EBITDA margin [1] in Q4 2021.

  • Note that our guidance is based on the average conversion rate through January and February of approximately 1200 Korean won per dollar.

_____________
[1] Product Commerce segment numbers are not audited and could be subject to change as we begin reporting during 2022.

Webcast and Conference Call

Coupang, Inc. will host a conference call to discuss fourth quarter results on March 2, 2022 at 5:30 PM Eastern Standard Time (March 3, 2022 at 7:30 AM Korea Standard Time). A live webcast of the conference call will be available on our Investor Relations website, ir.aboutcoupang.com, and a replay of the conference call will be available for at least three months. This press release, including the reconciliations of certain non-GAAP measures to their nearest comparable U.S. GAAP measures, is also available on that site.

About Coupang

Coupang is one of the largest e-commerce companies in Asia, with a mission to revolutionize the everyday lives of its customers and create a world where people wonder, “How did we ever live without Coupang?” Coupang offers a variety of services, including same-day and next-morning delivery of groceries and general merchandise, delivery of prepared foods through Coupang Eats, and video streaming through Coupang Play. Coupang has offices in Beijing, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Seattle, Seoul, Singapore, Shanghai, Silicon Valley, Taipei, and Tokyo.

COUPANG, INC.
 
  December 31,
  2021   2020
Assets      
Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 3,487,708     $ 1,251,455  
Restricted cash   319,800       144,949  
Accounts receivable, net   175,350       71,257  
Inventories   1,421,501       1,161,205  
Other current assets   232,447       211,848  
Total current assets   5,636,806       2,840,714  
       
Long-term restricted cash   2,839       4,898  
Property and equipment, net   1,347,531       1,017,947  
Operating lease right-of-use assets   1,374,629       1,011,255  
Goodwill   9,739       4,247  
Long-term lease deposits and other   270,290       188,271  
Total assets $ 8,641,834     $ 5,067,332  
Liabilities, redeemable convertible preferred units and stockholders'/members’ equity (deficit)      
Current liabilities:      
Accounts payable $ 3,442,720     $ 2,907,918  
Accrued expenses   304,293       115,606  
Deferred revenue   93,972       65,259  
Short-term borrowings   7,811       156,678  
Current portion of long-term debt   341,717       67,576  
Current portion of long-term operating lease obligations   287,066       207,196  
Other current liabilities   266,709       212,477  
Total current liabilities   4,744,288       3,732,710  
       
Long-term debt   283,190       353,342  
Long-term operating lease obligations   1,201,277       859,477  
Convertible notes         589,851  
Defined severance benefits and other   237,122       135,203  
Total liabilities   6,465,877       5,670,583  
       
Commitments and contingencies      
Redeemable convertible preferred units no par value; no units authorized, issued or outstanding, and no liquidation preference as of December 31, 2021; 1,448,632,049 units authorized, 1,372,898,443 units issued, 1,329,464,982 units outstanding, and aggregate liquidation preference of $3,584,028 as of December 31, 2020         3,465,611  
Stockholders'/members’ equity (deficit)      
Common units no par value; no units authorized, issued or outstanding as of December 31, 2021; 264,166,544 units authorized, 114,566,705 units issued, and 105,822,205 units outstanding as of December 31, 2020         45,122  
Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value, 10,000,000,000 shares authorized and 1,579,399,667 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2021; Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value, 250,000,000 shares authorized and 174,802,990 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2021; no shares of Class A and Class B common stock authorized, issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020   175        
Additional paid-in capital   7,874,038       25,036  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (47,739 )     (31,093 )
Accumulated deficit   (5,650,517 )     (4,107,927 )
Total stockholders'/members' equity (deficit)   2,175,957       (4,068,862 )
Total liabilities, redeemable convertible preferred units and stockholders'/members' equity (deficit) $ 8,641,834     $ 5,067,332  
COUPANG, INC.
 
  Three Months Ended December 31,   Year Ended December 31,
  2021   2020   2021   2020
Net retail sales $ 4,549,290     $ 3,489,504     $ 16,487,975     $ 11,045,096  
Net other revenue   527,403       313,989       1,918,397       922,243  
Total net revenues   5,076,693       3,803,493       18,406,372       11,967,339  
               
Cost of sales   4,271,092       3,154,241       15,455,244       9,981,102  
Operating, general and administrative   1,202,199       780,154       4,445,090       2,502,231  
Total operating cost and expenses   5,473,291       3,934,395       19,900,334       12,483,333  
               
Operating loss   (396,598 )     (130,902 )     (1,493,962 )     (515,994 )
               
Interest income   3,195       1,479       8,645       10,991  
Interest expense   (7,311 )     (29,339 )     (45,358 )     (107,762 )
Other (expense) income, net   (3,434 )     76,071       (10,913 )     149,900  
Loss before income taxes   (404,148 )     (82,691 )     (1,541,588 )     (462,865 )
               
Income tax expense   831       64       1,002       292  
               
Net loss   (404,979 )     (82,755 )     (1,542,590 )     (463,157 )
Less: premium on repurchase of redeemable convertible preferred units                     (92,734 )
Net loss attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders $ (404,979 )   $ (82,755 )   $ (1,542,590 )   $ (555,891 )
               
Net loss attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders per share, basic and diluted $ (0.23 )   $ (2.38 )   $ (1.08 )   $ (19.16 )
Weighted-average shares used in computing net loss per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders, basic and diluted   1,752,238       34,749       1,423,887       29,012  
COUPANG, INC.
 
  Year Ended December 31,
  2021   2020
Operating activities:      
Net loss $ (1,542,590 )   $ (463,157 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:      
Depreciation and amortization   201,480       127,519  
Provision for severance benefits   128,214       71,328  
Equity-based compensation   249,345       31,331  
Paid-in-kind interest and accretion of discount on convertible notes   20,148       91,035  
Revaluation of derivative instrument         (149,830 )
Inventory and fixed asset losses due to fulfillment center fire   284,825        
Non-cash operating lease expense   258,965       154,739  
Non-cash others   57,978       55,176  
Change in operating assets and liabilities:      
Accounts receivable, net   (120,206 )     (4,312 )
Inventories   (527,959 )     (504,294 )
Other assets   (178,383 )     (172,576 )
Accounts payable   728,488       1,065,850  
Accrued expenses   206,597       50,835  
Deferred revenue   14,024       31,887  
Other liabilities   (191,504 )     (83,977 )
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities   (410,578 )     301,554  
       
Investing activities:      
Purchases of property and equipment   (673,663 )     (484,630 )
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment   1,864       507  
Other investing activities   (3,726 )     (36,531 )
Net cash used in investing activities   (675,525 )     (520,654 )
       
Financing activities:      
Repurchase of common units and preferred units         (97,043 )
Proceeds from issuance of Class A common stock upon initial public offering, net of underwriting discounts   3,431,277        
Deferred offering costs paid   (11,618 )      
Proceeds from issuance of common stock/units, equity-based compensation plan   62,281       28,613  
Proceeds from short-term borrowings   24,722       144,740  
Proceeds from long-term debt, net of issuance costs   408,932       142,170  
Repayment of short-term borrowings   (166,023 )     (2,983 )
Repayment of long-term debt   (169,575 )     (35,141 )
Other financing activities   (3,146 )     (1,854 )
Net cash provided by financing activities   3,576,850       178,502  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash   (81,702 )     70,365  
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash   2,409,045       29,767  
Cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash, as of beginning of period   1,401,302       1,371,535  
Cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash, as of end of period $ 3,810,347     $ 1,401,302  

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This release and related management commentary contains statements or may include or may incorporate by reference Coupang management’s guidance regarding constant currency revenue growth, gross margin, total adjusted EBITDA loss and Product Commerce segment Adjusted EBITDA for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2022. Coupang believes such statements may be deemed to be "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Act") and are intended to enjoy the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements provided by the Act as well as protections afforded by other federal securities laws. Assumptions on which such forward-looking statements are based are also forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are not statements of historical facts, but instead express our estimates or expectations for our consolidated, or one of our segment's or business’, economic performance or results of operations for future periods or as of future dates or events or developments that may occur in the future or discuss our plans, objectives or goals. Our actual results may differ materially from those expressed in or implied by any of these forward-looking statements as a result of changes in circumstances, assumptions not being realized or other risks, uncertainties and factors including: the continued growth of the e-commerce market, competition, financial performance, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and operations and our ability to forecast our performance due to our limited operating history and the COVID-19 pandemic, expansion into new markets and offerings, our ability to attract or retain suppliers, merchants and customers to our platform, legal proceedings and regulatory matters and developments, any future changes to our business or our financial or operating model, and our brand and reputation.

Our prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, on March 11, 2021 and subsequent periodic reports filed with the SEC discuss other risks and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by any forward-looking statement in the release and related management commentary. We urge you to consider all of the risks, uncertainties and factors identified above or discussed in such reports carefully in evaluating the forward-looking statements in this release. Coupang cannot assure you that the results reflected in or implied by any forward-looking statement will be realized or, even if substantially realized, that those results will have the forecasted or expected consequences and effects for or on our operations or financial performance. The forward-looking statements made today are as of the date of this release. Coupang undertakes no obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.

Key Business Metrics and Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We review the key business and financial metrics discussed below. We use these measures to evaluate our business, measure our performance, identify trends affecting our business, formulate business plans, and make strategic decisions.

Key Business Metrics

Active Customers

As of the last date of each reported period, we determine our number of Active Customers by counting the total number of individual customers who have ordered at least once directly from our apps or websites during the relevant period. A customer is anyone who has created an account on our apps or websites, identified by a unique email address. The change in Active Customers in a reported period captures both the inflow of new customers as well as the outflow of existing customers who have not made a purchase in the period. We view the number of Active Customers as a key indicator of our potential for growth in total net revenues, the reach of our network, the awareness of our brand, and the engagement of our customers.

Total Net Revenues per Active Customer

Total net revenues per Active Customer is the total net revenues generated in a period divided by the total number of Active Customers in that period. A key driver of growth is increasing the frequency and the level of spend of Active Customers who are shopping on our apps or websites. We therefore view total net revenues per Active Customer as a key indicator of engagement and retention of our customers and our success in increasing the share of wallet.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We report our financial results in accordance with U.S. GAAP. However, management believes that certain non-GAAP financial measures provide investors with additional useful information in evaluating our performance. These non-GAAP financial measures may be different than similarly titled measures used by other companies.

Our non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation from, or as substitutes for, financial information prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Non-GAAP measures have limitations in that they do not reflect all the amounts associated with our results of operations as determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. These measures should only be used to evaluate our results of operations in conjunction with the corresponding U.S. GAAP measures. For further information regarding these non-GAAP measures, including the limitations thereof and reconciliations of each non-GAAP financial measure to its most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measure, please refer to the financial tables in the “Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of this report.

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin

During the first quarter of 2021, we began using adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin as non-GAAP financial measures. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income/(loss) for a period before depreciation and amortization, interest expense, interest income, income tax expense (benefit), other income (expense), net, equity-based compensation, impairments, and other items that we do not believe are reflective of our ongoing operations. Adjusted EBITDA margin is defined as adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of total net revenues. We use adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin as key measures to evaluate and assess our performance, allocate internal resources, prepare and approve our annual budget, and develop operating plans. We believe adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin are frequently used by investors and other interested parties in evaluating companies in the e-commerce industry for period-to-period comparisons as they remove the impact of non-cash items and certain variable charges. However, other companies may calculate adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin in a manner different from ours and therefore they may not be directly comparable to similar terms used by other companies. Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin are not measures of financial performance under U.S. GAAP and should not be considered as alternatives to cash flow from operating activities or as measures of liquidity or alternatives to net income/(loss) as indicators of operating performance or any other measures of performance derived in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin have limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider them in isolation or as substitutes for analysis of our results as reported under U.S. GAAP.

Constant Currency Revenue and Constant Currency Revenue Growth

The effect of currency exchange rates on our business is an important factor in understanding period-to-period comparisons. Our financial reporting currency is the U.S. dollar (“USD”) and changes in foreign exchange rates can significantly affect our reported results and consolidated trends. For example, our business generates sales predominantly in Korean Won (“KRW”), which are favorably affected as the USD weakens relative to the KRW, and unfavorably affected as the USD strengthens relative to the KRW. We use non-GAAP constant currency revenue and constant currency revenue growth for financial and operational decision-making and as a means to evaluate comparisons between periods. We believe the presentation of our results on a constant currency basis in addition to U.S. GAAP results helps improve the ability to understand our performance because they exclude the effects of foreign currency volatility that are not indicative of our actual results of operations.

Constant currency information compares results between periods as if exchange rates had remained constant. We define constant currency revenue as total revenue excluding the effect of foreign exchange rate movements, and use it to determine the constant currency revenue growth on a comparative basis. Constant currency revenue is calculated by translating current period revenues using the prior period exchange rate. Constant currency revenue growth (as a percentage) is calculated by determining the increase in current period revenue over prior period revenue, where current period foreign currency revenue is translated using prior period exchange rates.

These results should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, results reported in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Results on a constant currency basis, as we present them, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies and are not a measure of performance presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Measures

The following tables present the reconciliations from each U.S. GAAP measure to its corresponding non-GAAP measure for the periods noted.

A reconciliation of non-GAAP guidance measures to corresponding GAAP measures is not available on a forward-looking basis without unreasonable effort due to the uncertainty of expenses that may be incurred in the future, although it is important to note that these factors could be material to Coupang’s results computed in accordance with GAAP.

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin

  Three Months Ended December 31,   Year Ended December 31,
(in thousands) 2021   2020   2021   2020
Total net revenues $ 5,076,693     $ 3,803,493     $ 18,406,372     $ 11,967,339  
               
Net loss   (404,979 )     (82,755 )     (1,542,590 )     (463,157 )
Net loss margin   (8.0 )%     (2.2 )%     (8.4 )%     (3.9 )%
Adjustments:              
Depreciation and amortization [(1)]   55,614       41,968       201,480       127,519  
Interest expense   7,311       29,339       45,358       107,762  
Interest income   (3,195 )     (1,479 )     (8,645 )     (10,991 )
Income tax expense   831       64       1,002       292  
Other (income) expense, net   3,434       (76,071 )     10,913       (149,900 )
Equity-based compensation [(2)]   55,895       7,314       249,345       31,331  
FC Fire losses               295,501        
Adjusted EBITDA $ (285,089 )   $ (81,620 )   $ (747,636 )   $ (357,144 )
Adjusted EBITDA margin   (5.6 )%     (2.1 )%     (4.1 )%     (3.0 )%
_______________
(1) Depreciation and amortization includes amounts in cost of sales of $12 million and $11 million for the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and amounts in operating, general and administrative of $44 million and $31 million for the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Depreciation and amortization includes amounts in cost of sales of $47 million and $30 million for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and amounts in operating, general and administrative of $155 million and $98 million for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
 
(2) Equity-based compensation includes amounts in cost of sales of $4 million and $0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and amounts in operating, general and administrative of $52 million and $7 million for the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Equity-based compensation includes amounts in cost of sales of $11 million and $1 million for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and amounts in operating, general and administrative of $238 million and $31 million for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Some amounts may not reconcile due to rounding.

Constant Currency Revenue and Constant Currency Revenue Growth

  Three Months Ended December 31,   Year Ended December 31,
(in thousands) 2021   2020   2021   2020
Total net revenues $ 5,076,693     $ 3,803,493     $ 18,406,372     $ 11,967,339  
Total net revenues growth   34 %     100 %     54 %     91 %
Adjustment:              
Exchange rate effect   218,333       (123,028 )     (555,755 )     147,840  
Total net revenues, constant currency $ 5,295,026     $ 3,680,465     $ 17,850,617     $ 12,115,179  
Total net revenues growth, constant currency   39 %     93 %     49 %     93 %

 

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20220302005694/en/

SOURCE: Coupang

Investor Contact:
Coupang IR
ir@coupang.com Media Contact:
Coupang PR
press@coupang.com

COMTEX_403391738/2456/2022-03-02T16:05:39

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/zigman2/quotes/225253473/composite
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