By Associated Press
TOKYO — Asian shares skidded Tuesday following a volatile day on Wall Street. Inflation-fighting measures from the Federal Reserve and the possibility of conflict between Russia and Ukraine are overhanging markets.
Japan’s benchmark Nikkei 225 /zigman2/quotes/210597971/delayed JP:NIK -0.27% slipped 2.0% in morning trading. Australia’s S&P/ASX 200 /zigman2/quotes/210598100/delayed AU:XJO -0.69% dropped 2.5% while South Korea’s Kospi /zigman2/quotes/210598069/delayed KR:180721 -0.18% lost 2.4%. Hong Kong’s Hang Seng /zigman2/quotes/210598030/delayed HK:HSI -0.27% shed 1.4%, while the Shanghai Composite /zigman2/quotes/210598127/delayed CN:SHCOMP +0.50% dipped 1%. Benchmark indexes in Singapore /zigman2/quotes/210597985/delayed SG:STI +0.93% , Taiwan /zigman2/quotes/210597977/delayed TW:Y9999 -0.84% and Indonesia /zigman2/quotes/210597981/delayed ID:JAKIDX -0.44% also declined.
“The surprise turnaround in U.S. market overnight does not seem to provide any relief into Asia’s session today,” said Yeap Jun Rong, market strategist at IG.
A late-day buying spree pushed the benchmark S&P 500 index to a 0.3% gain after pulling it out of so-called correction territory — a drop of 10% or more from its most recent high. The Dow Jones Industrial Average /zigman2/quotes/210598065/realtime DJIA +1.87% had declined more than 1,000 points before rallying and ending higher.
“We’re in this wait-and-see mode, which is almost the most uncomfortable place to be, so I think the market is really grappling with that,” said Lindsey Bell, chief markets and money strategist at Ally Invest.
Monday’s wild turnaround followed a three-week decline for the S&P 500 , concluding with its worst weekly stretch since the start of the pandemic.
The S&P 500 /zigman2/quotes/210599714/realtime SPX +2.24% fell as much as 4% Monday. The index has recovered from an intraday loss that big only three times in the past. The tech-heavy Nasdaq index /zigman2/quotes/210598365/realtime COMP +2.99% rose 0.6% after recovering from a nearly 5% descent.
Early in the day, benchmark stock indexes flirted with near 4-month lows as investors anticipated guidance from the Fed later this week about its plans to raise interest rates to tame inflation, which is at its highest level in nearly four decades.
The Fed’s short-term rate has been pegged near zero since the pandemic hit the global economy in 2020 and that has fueled borrowing and spending by consumers and businesses.
But rising prices at supermarkets, car lots and gas stations are raising concerns that consumers will pare back spending to limit the pressure on their budgets. Companies have warned that supply-chain problems and higher raw materials costs could crimp their profits.
The Fed has kept downward pressure on longer-term interest rates by buying trillions of dollars worth of government and corporate bonds, but those emergency purchases are scheduled to end in March. Nudging rates higher is intended to help slow economic growth and the rate of inflation.
“There’s a short-term panic and part of that is the high level of uncertainty around what the Fed is going to do,” said Sylvia Jablonski, chief investment officer at Defiance ETFs.
Investors are also keeping an eye on developments in Ukraine. Tensions soared Monday between Russia and the West over concerns that Moscow is planning to invade Ukraine, with NATO outlining potential troop and ship deployments.
The wave of selling also extended to cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin /zigman2/quotes/31322028/realtime BTCUSD -0.75% fell as low as $33,000 overnight but rallied back above $36,000 by late afternoon. Still, the digital currency is far below the high of more than $68,000 it hit in November.
The market is waiting to hear from chair Jerome Powell Wednesday after Fed policymakers conclude a two-day meeting and offer their latest thinking on the economy and interest rates.
Some economists worry the Fed is moving too slowly. Others fret that the Fed may act too aggressively. They argue that numerous rate hikes would risk causing a recession and wouldn’t slow inflation in any case. In this view, high prices mostly reflect snarled supply chains that the Fed’s rate hikes are powerless to cure.
When the Fed boosts its short-term rate, it tends to make borrowing more expensive for consumers and businesses, slowing the economy with the intent of reducing inflation. That could reduce company earnings, which tend to dictate stock prices over the long term.
Europe’s STOXX 600 index /zigman2/quotes/210599654/delayed XX:SXXP +0.78% closed down 3.6% on concerns about Fed tightening and worries about the situation around Ukraine. The Russian ruble has also fallen after U.S. President Joe Biden indicated that in the event of a Russian invasion the U.S. could block Russian banks from access to dollars or impose other sanctions.
In energy trading, benchmark U.S. crude added 38 cents to $83.69 a barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. It tumbled $1.83 to $85.31 on Monday. Brent crude , the international standard, rose 52 cents to $86.79 a barrel.
In currency trading, the U.S. dollar /zigman2/quotes/210561789/realtime/sampled USDJPY -0.0338% fell to 113.77 Japanese yen from 113.96 yen.