By Jack Denton
The pound rallied against the dollar and euro on Tuesday as the governor of the Bank of England pushed back against the discussion of negative interest rates in a speech.
Sterling rose 0.65% against the dollar (XTUP:GBPUSD) , touching the $1.36 benchmark, and lifted 0.55% against the euro (XTUP:GBPEUR) .
Bank of England governor Andrew Bailey, in an online speech to the Scottish Chambers of Commerce, played down the notion of cutting interest rates into negative territory to boost growth, saying that “there are a lot of issues” with negative rates.
Bailey’s comments came a day after Silvana Tenreyro, a voting Bank of England official, dismissed arguments against negative rates and said they could provide significant stimulus.
“The British pound rallied against all of its major trading partners after BOE Governor Bailey signaled resistance to negative rates, while the central bank’s Broadbent indicated the economy is in better shape than it appeared,” said Edward Moya, an analyst with OANDA.
In his speech, Bailey also said that the U.K. economy is “in a very difficult period at the moment,” and that he believes that jobs data miss the true rate of unemployment, which could be closer to 6.5% than the latest official 4.9% figure.
The U.K. looks set to enter a double-dip recession, following the biggest slump on record between April and June 2020, with estimates that gross domestic product fell in the final quarter of 2020 and is set to fall in the first quarter of 2021.
The FTSE 100 (FTSE:UK:UKX) , the index of London’s top stocks by market capitalization, was trading 0.6% lower, while the midcap FTSE 250 (FTSE:UK:MCX) dropped 0.3%.
“Banks and energy stocks were the flavor of the day on Tuesday, but sadly not enough to stop the FTSE 100 from slipping,” said Russ Mould, an analyst at AJ Bell.
“After an impressive start to the year, equity markets are finding it harder to push ahead this week amid growing expectations for the Federal Reserve to start easing back on its monetary support measures toward the end of the year,” Mould said.
“We’re in a period where investors are trying to get their head round what could happen next.”
England continues to battle COVID-19, with the country’s chief medical officer warning on Monday that the most dangerous time in the pandemic is immediately ahead.
The U.K. reported 46,169 new coronavirus cases on Monday and 529 deaths. There were more than 400,000 new cases in the week before Jan. 11, and total deaths from the disease topped 80,000 over the weekend.
A rebound in oil prices came on the back of expectations that U.S. crude stockpiles have fallen for the fifth week in a row, ahead of a report from the American Petroleum Institute later in the day.
A drawdown in U.S. inventories would come a week after Saudi Arabia’s surprise announcement that it will cut production by 1 million barrels a day in February and March.
Brent crude was 1.4% higher on Tuesday, above $56 a barrel, while West Texas Intermediate rose 1.2% as oil hovers near an 11-month high.
Shares in the London-listed oil supermajors helped keep some buoyancy in the FTSE 100, with Royal Dutch Shell (LON:UK:RDSA) rising more than 1.5% and BP (LON:UK:BP) surging near 2%.
Bank stocks also rallied, with shares in HSBC (LON:UK:HSBA) , Barclays (LON:UK:BARC) , Lloyds (LON:UK:LLOY) , Standard Chartered (LON:UK:STAN) , and NatWest (LON:UK:NWG) all surging.
Pharmaceutical and consumer-goods companies led the Tuesday tumble, with shares in AstraZeneca (LON:UK:AZN) , Hikma Pharmaceuticals (LON:UK:HIK) , Unilever (LON:UK:ULVR) , and Reckitt Benckiser leading the list of the worst performers on London’s top index.
Outside of the FTSE 100, shares in The Hut Group (LON:UK:THG) climbed more than 1.5% after the online retailer increased its sales guidance for the third time since the company went public in September 2020.