By Christine Idzelis and William Watts
U.S. stocks closed lower Tuesday, with the S&P 500 index and Nasdaq Composite pulling back from record levels, as investors took little notice of economic data with the two-day Federal Reserve policy meeting underway.
How are stocks benchmarks performing?
The Dow Jones Industrial Average /zigman2/quotes/210598065/realtime DJIA -0.79% fell 94.42 points, or 0.3%, to 34,299.33.
The S&P 500 /zigman2/quotes/210599714/realtime SPX -0.35% was off 8.56 points, or 0.2%, at 4,246.59.
The Nasdaq Composite /zigman2/quotes/210598365/realtime COMP +0.11% declined 101.29 points, or 0.7%, to 14,072.86.
On Monday , the Nasdaq rose 104.72 points to close at a record 14,174.14, a gain of 0.7%, marking its first record since April 26, while the S&P 500 index rose 7.71 points, or 0.2%, to market its 29th record closing high of 2021. The Dow fell 85.85 points, or 0.3%, to end at 34,393.75, off 1.1% from its May 7 record at 34,777.76.
What’s driving the market?
Stocks drifted lower after a mixed bag of economic data did little to shake the wait-and-see attitude ahead of the outcome of a two-day Fed policy meeting that concludes Wednesday.
While most economic data reflects an economic recovery from the pandemic, reports continue to offer both positives and reasons for caution, said Greg Bassuk, chief executive of AXS Investments, in a phone interview.
While retail sales fell more than expected in May, a look under the hood of the data shows spending is showing signs of rotating back to services, which is supportive of the notion of a broader reopening of the economy, he said.
Looking toward the end of the year, “we’re doubling down on our confidence in what we call the rebalancing trade,” Bassuk said, which consists of a continued, longer term rotation out of technology and some stay-at-home stocks that were highfliers last year.
In other data, the New York Fed’s Empire State factory index fell to 17.4 in June from 24.3 a month earlier. Separately, the Federal Reserve said industrial production rebounded 0.8% in May due to a strong gain in auto production. The National Association of Home Builders’ monthly confidence index slipped to 81 in June from 83 in May. That’s the lowest level in nine months.
So far the U.S. stock market has been trading as if higher inflation in the recovery phase from the COVID pandemic will be a short-lived phenomenon, caused temporarily by easing of economic restrictions and supply-chain bottlenecks.
The big fear is that the Fed will be forced to scale back its bond-buying program sooner than its initial projections and eventually lay the groundwork for raising benchmark interest rates, which currently stand at a range of 0% to 0.25%.
“The most obvious starting point for the Federal Reserve to eventually begin paring back its stimulus is the $40 billion monthly purchases of mortgage-backed securities,” Danielle DiMartino Booth, chief executive officer and chief strategist of research firm Quill Intelligence, said in a note Tuesday.
“Transitory inflation is occurring in parts of the market, particularly commodities, as prices for corn, copper and lumber are well off their highs, but housing inflation is a thornier issue for the Federal Reserve, given the sector’s dominance in the economy,” said DiMartino Booth, who previously was an advisor to former Dallas Fed president Richard Fisher. “While the Fed will likely reiterate its transitory stance on inflation at Wednesday’s policy meeting, it’s becoming clear that the surge in housing and gasoline prices, the two most visible costs to households, is anything but transitory.”